Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder with a & # 39 is much more common for people in five vulnerable groups, including children in care, indigenous people and people in prison, according to a global study of Canadian researchers.
Lead author of the article says that those who are wavering prevalence in the study, with & # 39 are further proof that the idea of a woman can safely drink a glass of wine during a dinner during pregnancy, with the & # 39 is a myth.
In a study with lead author Svetlana Popova, who & # 39 is a senior fellow at the Research Institute of Mental Health Policy in the Center for Addiction and Mental Health in Toronto, published in the medical journal Addiction.
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder, also known as of FASD, with & # 39 is a disabling condition in children, caused by consumption of alcohol the mother during pregnancy.
"And if the mother drinks alcohol, it passes directly to the fetus through her blood. Alcohol with & # 39 is toxic to the developing fetus and can lead to disruption of its normal development. FASD with & # 39; is a serious & # 39; oznym and lifelong condition, "said Popov in an interview with & # 39; S.
"Alcohol is especially dangerous to the developing brain cells; That's why people with FASD have difficulty with learning, attention, memory, thinking, problem solving, language and communication.
While FASD can affect people of all racial, ethnic and sociological premises, data from 69 previously published studies of people in 17 countries – including Canada, USA, South America, Europe, Asia and Australia – shows the prevalence is particularly devastating for certain subgroups of the population.
The study identified five groups with high prevalence: children in care; people in correctional custody services; people in special education services; people who use specialized services for people with disabilities or the development of mental health care; and indigenous people.
The study was designed to help improve prevalence estimates and forecasts with a view to a public policy, as well as to ensure better planning and the health budget, community and social emergency services.
"The first step in understanding the verses of & # 39; oznastsi FASD and the impact of any country, to determine how many people have this condition. Once this information is available, policies and programs can be designed that will benefit people living with FASD and the prevention of additional children born with these conditions, "she said.
"Public policy and clinical care for people with FASD need to change to respond to such predictable results."
Popova and her team evaluated more than 400 disease states may be associated with fetal exposure to alcohol, including visual and hearing impairment, heart problems, respiratory and urogenital defects and joints problems. She estimates the annual cost of FASD in Canada $ 1800000000.
In many respects, the subpopulation of prevalence results are not surprising.
Children are often placed in care due to adverse circumstances, including parental alcohol or drug problems, abuse, neglect, or the young age of marriage – the circumstances associated with an increased probability of an unborn child, who were subjected to the influence of alcohol.
And without proper diagnosis and intervention early in life, many people with FASD are at high risk of being involved in the legal system, the researchers said. (Estimated young people with FASD are 19 times more likely to be imprisoned than without them.)
People with of FASD, is likely to suffer from delayed development, learning problems and mental health problems, so they will have a higher representation in the population of special education.
And the high prevalence of FASD problem among indigenous populations has long been noted: the use of alcohol during pregnancy among Aboriginal people in Canada, it was found that about four times higher than the general population. Alcohol consumption among indigenous peoples in Canada is largely due to cultural, historical and social context of colonization, the residential school system, injuries and economic and social marginalization.
In the world, according to the study, nearly one in 10 women in the general population who drink little alcohol during pregnancy.
Disappointing thing for Popov to & # 39 is that it is largely preventable.
"There is no safe amount of alcohol or safe type of alcohol or safe time to drink during pregnancy or when planning to become pregnant. But, not to drink alcohol during pregnancy or when planning a pregnancy, you avoid the risk of your child developing FASD, »she said.
The researchers conducted a systematic review of the literature search of published studies containing a meta-analysis of FASD initial quantitative studies published over the past 45 years around the world.
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