Hate crimes perpetrated by groups, particularly likely to lead to injuries such as broken bones and missing teeth, according to a new study by the University of Florida.
Brendan Lanza, associate professor in the FSU College of Criminology and Criminal Justice, it was found that co-offend or commit a crime with others, it is largely due to the increase in the chances of sur & # 39; serious injuries, regardless of the crime of motivations.
The study, published in print in the journal last month Criminal Justice and Behavior, Also pointed out, however, that the probability of suras & # 39; oznay victim's injury was the highest in the cases, both of which were motivated by passion and committed group.
"A lot of hate crimes include groups of people, especially groups of young people," said Lanza. "Studies have shown that being in the presence of others can change someone's behavior. Because they feel more anonymous in a group, they behave more highly. "
Lanza analyzed data from the National Incident-Based Reporting System, the FBI database, which provides data on the falling level of violent crimes, bias motivation, the number of offenders and victim's injuries.
Researchers have studied various diagonal motifs such as race, ethnic origin, religion, sexual orientation and disability. They found that after taking into account the availability of co-broke, race, nationality, religion and disability motivated hate crimes are not significantly more likely than other crimes, attract sur & # 39; major trauma victim. However, sexual orientation was an outlier. This motivation displacement was significantly associated with the probability sur & # 39; oznay trauma victim, regardless of the number of criminals involved in the crime.
In fact, anti-sexual orientation bias incidents were about 53 percent more likely than nonbiased incidents linked sur & # 39; major trauma victim.
Lanza said that future studies could explore why sexual orientation hate crimes are more likely to be more serious & # 39; ozna than other violent crimes motivated by prejudice or otherwise. At the same time, researchers believe there are some important policy implications for consideration.
"A little more than half the states in the United States have a sexual orientation as a protected class of laws on hate crimes," said Lanza. "Even smaller states include gender identity. Accounting for joint offenses explain some violence to other hate crimes, rather than for crimes based on sexual orientation. This means that the lack of supervision or the law in many states with a & # 39 is particularly problematic. "
Joonggon Kim, former FSU doctoral student and professor at the current assistant Keimyung University, served as co-author of the study.
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