According to official preliminary data of the Department of Control of vaccines, disease prevention (DICEI) Ministry of Health and social development of the nation in 2018, one in five children under the age of two years, he did not get a flu shot, and let them initiate free compulsory vaccination, nearly four 10 (36.7%) was obtained in the second dose. Low levels of immunization coverage is a concern in Argentina pediatricians (SAP) society, which encourages the community to protect the small from the flu, a disease that can lead to serious & # 39; oznyh complications and even death in this age group.
National immunization program includes the current of all children aged 6 to 24 months, more than 65 years of age, and between 2 and 64 years, all those who represent the major chronic disease that increases the risk of complications related to the flu, such as respiratory disease , heart, kidney, diabetes, obesity, congenital or acquired immunodeficiency, oncohaematological patients and transplanted people, among others. In addition, pregnant women (regardless of month of pregnancy) and all health personnel.
strangely enough, different value significantly below the expected coverage with 39 & # is vaccination of pregnant women (Exactly one dose in any month of pregnancy): only 64.6% had been vaccinated; This is more than three out of ten pregnant women were not protected against severe forms of the disease during pregnancy.
With SAP, they stressed the importance of influenza vaccine for all at-risk groups, but special emphasis on children aged 6 to 24 months and pregnant women, to protect the unborn child. "Young children are a vulnerable group to the disease and an indication of the vaccine is part of the NIP, which turns it into a free and compulsory. They are two separate applications per month, with the exception of those who received the vaccine last year for which a single dose is sufficient. Vaccination is carried out in all hospitals and health centers"Said medical infectious disease pediatrician Elizabeth Bodganowicz, Secretary of the Committee on Infectious Diseases FOC.
"Ideally, the child receives the vaccine before the arrival of the first cold, usually with the beginning of autumnThereby providing immunization and protected by two doses, when they reach the low temperatures. Influenza with & # 39 is a highly contagious respiratory disease, which is usually one or two weeks patients recover without the need for specific treatment explained Bogdganowicz-. However, those who are at risk, such as young children or people over 65 years (both the end of life with less effective immune system) or those with pre-existing disease can have complications encountered in this condition, in some cases requires hospitalization and a real risk of death. "
And after that, adding that "it is important to note that the circulation of influenza virus for a long time, therefore, can not be limited only to influenza vaccination in the autumn-winter period," he said that "people are at risk for influenza vaccination should be specified in any time of year. In addition, living with premature babies or reduced immunity should be vaccinated. "
"As its inclusion in the national calendar with & # 39 is relatively new, many parents do not know, compulsory or free vaccines and not to apply it to the boys, leaving them vulnerable to them and the other children, as non-vaccination contributes to greater circulation of the virus. strongly recommended to consult your pediatrician, especially with children under the age of 24 months or older, but with a chronic illness"Said his part the president of SPD, Stella Maris Gil.
The only cases that require medical prescription certifying their status to get a free vaccination at any medical center or hospital at the age of 24 months to 64 years, suffering from related diseases.
The main symptoms of influenza with the & # 39 are high temperature (39º or more), headache and generalized pain, weakness, fatigue, cough and sore throat, nasal congestion, diarrhea and vomiting. Among the factors that distinguish it from influenza-like symptoms of high temperature and the fact that usually lasts one to two weeks, while influenza pattern usually improves within two to three days.
Other children's vaccines to account
Moreover, SAP emphasized the importance of compliance with the vaccination schedule for the protection of children against various diseases, for which there is a vaccine. When children go to school, that is, from 5 to 6 years of age should receive a second strengthening antipoliomelitis vaccine (Orally), the a second dose of MMRProtects against measles, mumps and rubella, as well as second triple booster vaccine is a bacterial cellAgainst diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis (whooping cough or). Children under the age of 11 years should be vaccinated triple acellular bacterial, hepatitis B vaccine (For those who are not in full scheme) complete scheme MMR vaccine, two doses of the human papillomavirus vaccineBoth boys and girls, and meningococcal vaccine (Single dose). Although the provision of the latest vaccine delayed health authority until further notice. All these vaccines are free of charge and can be applied on the same day, with the only proviso that they must be located in different parts of the body.
"It is important that all children receive the vaccines because they prevent various diseases and allow you to continue to work towards the elimination of diseases such as measles, rubella and polio, while keeping the other in check, as tetanus and diphtheria," Bogdanović awarded.
The importance of completing the immunization in time, so that the immune system becomes a lasting memory and provides protection during adolescence and even in old age against diseases that can be prevented. In addition, the immunized person interrupts or substantially reduce the flow of viruses and bacteria.