Friday , December 4 2020

People with extreme political views "can not tell when they are wrong," the study finds



People with radical political views, both on the left and right, are less able to judge if they are wrong, the study suggests.

Scientists from University College London found those on the political fringes tend to overestimate their loyalty after getting questions wrong.

But the researchers did not test their knowledge about politics. Instead, they used a simple game in which the participants had to estimate what picture they have been presented with more points contained.

Their study was an attempt to measure the "metacognition" – a term for a person's ability to recognize when they are wrong.

They wanted to determine whether there were political radicals dogmatic beliefs until confidence in these particular judgments, or more general differences in metacognition.

In their study, the researchers asked two groups of about 400 people to complete the study to measure their political beliefs and attitudes towards alternative worldviews.

From these studies, they identified those on the far right and left ends of the spectrum.

These people are characterized by radical views on authoritarianism and intolerance towards others.

The participants were then asked to complete a simple task, in which they looked at the two pictures and judged which one had the most points on it.

Tommy Robinson UKIP conduct a "betrayal" of London Brexit protest against the huge police operation

They were then asked to rate how confident they are in decision-making, as well as scientists have used cash incentives to encourage them to accurately judge their self-confidence.

"We found that people who hold radical political beliefs have metacognition worse than those with more moderate views," said lead author and neurologist Dr. Steve Fleming.

"They often have lost confidence when they are in fact not so much about something, and resistant to change their beliefs in the face of evidence that proves that they are wrong."

To check how participants reacted to time challenged, they showed a bonus set of points that should have pushed them to the correct decision.

For moderate, who made a wrong decision the first time, to put the bonus information, they are less confident in their choices. The radicals, on the other hand, kept their original decision, even after seeing evidence that was wrong.

Although the researchers were confident that their results were a critic, as to replicate them in two sets of people, their only task is to explain some of the radicalism of the show.

Stand Racism protest against the "betrayal» Brexit march in central London

"We suspect that this is because the problem has nothing to do with politics – the people may not yet be more willing to admit that it is not so when the policy came into play," said graduate student Max Rollwage.

One of the conclusions they drew from their research, published in the journal Current Biology, that the refusal of metacognition is true across the political spectrum.

They said that it was proposed based on the radicalism of thinking that "goes beyond political affiliation."


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