Monday , March 8 2021

Several million for the study of elementary particles at KIT



Several million for the study of elementary particles at KIT

CMS Experiment with the & # 39 is one of four large experiments at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN in Geneva. Credit: Michael Hoch, Maximilien Brice / CERN / CMS Collaboration

Experimental study of the fundamental building blocks of nature and technology required for this purpose, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) will be financed by a total of 7.6 million euros by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) from 2019 to 2021. with these tools, scientists will be able to push research in the international large-scale experiments at CERN, Geneva, Switzerland, or the KEK, Tsukuba, Japan.

Particle physics is aimed at studying the fundamental building blocks of nature and their interaction in order to draw conclusions about the mechanisms of the big bang. In the field of elementary particle physics, BMBF has now decided to fund the participation of German universities in the major experiments at the European laboratory CERN near Geneva or high energy Accelerator Research Organization KEK in Tsukuba, north of Tokyo.

Researchers at the Institute of Experimental Physics Keith elementary particles (ETP) has now been given new funding for their contribution to the CMS (Compact Muon Solenoid) at CERN and Belle II at KEK. In addition, the BMBF approved funding for the modernization and development of new experimental methods for the processing of large & # 39; data volumes CMS experiments. The total amount of financing of approx. 7.6 million euros in the next two and a half years.

CMS-detector is the world's largest particle accelerator

CMS Experiment with the & # 39 is one of four large experiments at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN. Since the beginning of the design and construction of the experiment, ETP has been associated with about 90 people team. This is the largest group of university conducts research at CERN. The main components of the detector, in particular based on silicon technology, have been manufactured in laboratories KIT. In addition, KIT developed algorithms to analyze large on the & # 39; data volumes. The highlight of the research at CERN so far was the discovery of the Higgs boson in 2012 with CMS group Karlsruhe has contributed to a large extent this success.

CMS upgrade program

Preparing for the future of the CMS experiment as of 2026 is already in full swing. Researchers KIT build highly accurate detectors are silicon particles through which conclusions can be made regarding particle trajectories inside the CMS experiment. "This project will combine the physical basic research to the development of technology, often to the point that a & # 39 is technically possible," says project leader Professor Ulrich Guzemann.

Belle II-Kollisionen them Japanischen Superbeschleuniger

Preparing for the future of the CMS experiment as of 2026 is already in full swing. Researchers KIT build highly accurate detectors are silicon particles through which conclusions can be made regarding particle trajectories inside the CMS experiment. "This project will combine the physical basic research to the development of technology, often to the point that a & # 39 is technically possible," says project leader Professor Ulrich Guzemann.

"In recent years, we found strong evidence of the electrons and their" cousins ​​"in myons and tauons, with the behavior of another, than we expected," says project leader Professor Florian Bernlochner. By the end of 2021, Belle II experiment will be recorded enough data to get to the bottom of this mystery.

Pilot-Erum-Data-Efficient infrastructure and machine learning

The joint project of the pilot Erum-Data contributes to the Digital Agenda of the Federal Government. In this project, researchers of KIT and other universities that conduct research in the field of astrophysics, physics, hadron physics, nuclear physics and particle physics work on the development of more efficient computing infrastructures, improved evaluation of the data using machine learning techniques as well as more efficient algorithms for the evaluation data and modeling. "The problems associated with large on & # 39; volumes of data of our experiments will require new, more efficient computing concept," says project leader Professor Günter Quast.

"Research conducted around the world, and our team members come from all over the world. The new funds will help us to continue to fulfill its role in society, and not only to develop new technology to search for the fundamental building nature of the blocks, but mostly qualified young researchers in the field of high technologies and international cooperation ", stressed the head of the ETP, Professor Thomas Mueller, who also coordinates current CMS activities.

Courtesy of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology

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