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After 50 years, still I doubt: the moon landing real or fake?



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Berlin – of course, it's still unbelievable that people flew to the moon, went there cars and even played golf. 20 July 1969 – The mission of "first month" – an important milestone in the history of man. Fifty years later, many still doubt that people have been on the Earth's moon. They believe that the recordings were made in the studio. Ten of the most important arguments:

1. Application: "Swinging" flag

"Swinging" US flag with 39 & # is the most illustrative example intended landing on the Moon. If the wind does not blow on the moon, the flag should not blow, complain critics, however: The movement of tissue that hangs at an intersection, does not come. Breeze, but flagpole oscillations – such as when inserting or alignment as Ralph Jumana stressed from the German Aerospace Center (DLR). Because the moon has no atmosphere, loosening the material is hardly slowed down.

NASA image shows the American astronauts Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin (in fact, Edwin E. Aldrin, Jr.), who set the US flag on the Moon.

NASA image shows the American astronauts Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin (in fact, Edwin E. Aldrin, Jr.), who set the US flag on the Moon.

– dpa

Statement 2: The traces of dust in Lunnoy

Many figures reflect the following spacecraft in lunar dust. According to the critics, as a dry bone dust can contain form. Urs Mall of the Institute for Solar System Research Max Planck explains the good relationship especially with the consistency of a very fine lunar dust. Its building blocks have never been grounded by the wind or water, were fringed and, therefore, particularly well.

American astronaut Buzz Aldrin on the first lunar ascent. Footprints in the earth with a & # 39 are a clear proof of the conspiracy theorists that the landing on the moon never happened.

American astronaut Buzz Aldrin on the first lunar ascent. Footprints in the earth with a & # 39 are a clear proof of the conspiracy theorists that the landing on the moon never happened.

– NASA

Third statement: the jump is too low

Horse Racing astronauts on the lunar surface is too low, use the doubt. Given the low gravity – about one-sixth the frequency of the Earth's gravity – the astronaut could jump meters in height. Mall attributes low jumps about 85-kilogram space suits and limited mobility. Jumana adds that it is not about high jumping. From a security perspective spaceship moves with small steps or hops.

4. The problem of responsibility for lunar vehicles

Astronauts drove vehicles on the moon. Given the low gravity, Rover had to jump out of the corners of my doubts. However, centrifugal force is dependent, inter alia, the radius and speed. The maximum speed of vehicles, according to NASA, was about 15 kilometers per hour. In mathematical terms, this corresponds – on a similar background – the centrifugal force that would zazyamlyanaya machine with the same radius, it would be of 37.5 kilometers per hour. The fact that the astronauts ran crooked arms fully, it is unlikely.

Left vehicle Apollo 15 mission in 1971.

Left vehicle Apollo 15 mission in 1971.

– AFP

5. Repeat the "scene"

The similarity of the lunar landscape on the different images indicates that the studio has always used the same scene. However, recurring motives are not strange, because the astronauts landing on the ground have made thousands of photos from different angles, Mel explains. In addition, he stressed that the local landscape planting in any case are very similar – also because in the world there are no bright optical elements.

6. Statement: None intersection on set

In the lenses of cameras Hasselblad astronauts kept crossroads – in order to better assess the distance. These crossroads seems to disappear behind a & # 39; objects in some areas that are critical of how montage. Upon closer examination often it turns out that crosses it at all, but on a dark background are unlikely to recognize. However, according to Jumana, edited photos were later published.

The descent from the lunar module to the Earth's satellite.

The descent from the lunar module to the Earth's satellite.

– NASA

7. Statement: No stars in the sky

Astronauts on the pictures in the sky are no stars. During the day, the astronauts entered the Earth's satellite – the lunar day lasts two weeks. The pictures contrast between the bright and dark lunar surface air is too strong to weak points of light were visible in the sky.

"Sunrise" of the month.

– APA / AFP / NASA / HO

8. Application: Shadow is not suitable

The fact that the shadow of the drawings are or compressed in different directions, leading critics to various light sources. The reason for this with the & # 39 Molly are, above all, non-uniformity of the lunar surface. This can lead to a & # 39; appearance of shadows longer, shorter or distorted.

9. Statement: No crater landing

Under the landing capsules you do not see the landing crater, and almost no dust. It is not surprising, says Jumana: Landing sites were not perpendicular, and flew to the side. The engines have not been able to burn the craters of the moon in hard rock.

For skeptics, it is clear: the engines were not able to burn craters in the hard rock of the moon.

For skeptics, it is clear: the engines were not able to burn craters in the hard rock of the moon.

– AFP

10. Statement: lethal radiation

On the return flight crews were generally exposed in the belt Van Allen radiation around the earth ring, increased emission of particles from the sun. Critics argue that this load can take several hours and can be fatal. Molly estimated Van Allen belt is in an hour, and the crew of a spacecraft protected aluminum shell. Therefore, the astronauts were exposed to radiation but the dose can be controlled. NASA put the mission trajectory so that fly around the strongest radiation areas.

US space agency NASA itself does not comment on the theory of forgery in principle. But a few years ago she published "Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter" photographs Mission (LRO), which is sent to Earth record Seedling "Apollo" with high resolution, despite the fact that they do not want to change the persistent doubts – the figures showing the tools that We left behind traces of bicycles and even the astronauts' footprints.

In addition, according to Mel and Jumana, in six missions involving thousands of employees. "To store a fake secret for decades, I think it's very difficult," – says Mel. Data are also evident: more than 380 kilograms of lunar rock that astronauts brought to Earth, as opposed to – later revealed – the lunar meteorites on Earth. They fell, these pieces have not been changed during their journey through the Earth's atmosphere. (APA /DP)

"Apollo 11" – Blog of the month

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