RIO – The Ministry of Health about the & # 39; has identified Tuesday, a survey that almost a thousand cities could have outbreaks of fever, Chikungunya and Zika in the country. The first rise infestation Fast Aedes aegypti (LIRAa) 2019 994 shows that municipalities have shown a high level of infestation risk outbreaks. This year, data was collected for the period from January to March.
The warning indicates that the monitoring system folders and municipalities, and the entire population should strengthen care for mosquito control. In general, 5,214 municipalities have had some type of monitoring Aedes aegypti, the transmitter these diseases.
"The result confirms LIRAa increase in the incidence of cases of dengue fever throughout the country, which increased 339.9% compared to the same period the previous year. These results underscore the need to further strengthen measures to combat the mosquito, with the participation of the population and all local and federal leaders, "said Minister of Health Surveillance, Ministry of Health, Wanderson Kleber.
Kleber indicates that "despite the increased number of cases, the frequency of illness in 2019, is expected during the period. Until now, the country is not an epidemic, though it can be localized epidemic in some municipalities and states, "he said.
In cities that are at risk, the study found 2,160 municipalities alert, infestation index (PII) from 1% to 3.9%, and 1,804 municipalities with satisfactory levels of less than 1%.
The case of the countries
In 2019, to April 13, there were 451 685 probable cases of dengue fever in the country, an increase of 339.9% compared to the same period last year, when 102 681 cases were reported. The disease is 216.6% of the rate / 100,000 inhabitants. The number of deaths from this disease has also had an increase of 186.3%, from 66 to 123 deaths.
With the increase of cases, the general coordinator of the program and diseases of the National Malaria Control and Prevention Submitted Aedes explains some of the reasons:
– Since the end of last year, the environmental conditions were conducive to the reproduction of the vector, as rising temperatures and prolonged rains mode anymore. In addition, we have a return of dengue serotype 2, which was not common in the samples identified that increases the susceptibility of the population – says Rodrigo Said.
As for Zeke, 3,085 cases, with a frequency of 1.5 If / 100,000 inhabitants were registered. In 2018, 3,001 suspected cases were reported in the same period. In 2019, there were no reported cases of Zika's death.
They were also recorded 24.120 cases of chikungunya in the country, with a rate of 11.6 cases / 100,000 inhabitants. In 2018, there were 37.874 cases – a decline of 36.3%. In 2019, were no confirmed deaths from chikungunya.
The situation of cities
Five capitals to sufficient: Boa Vista (RR), Joao Pessoa (PB), São Paulo (SP), Rio de Janeiro (RJ) and the Federal District. The capital Cuiabá (MT) is under threat. 16 other capitals on alert: Fortaleza (CE), Porto Velho (RO), Palmas (TO), Salvador (BA), Teresina (PI), Recife (PE), Belo Horizonte (MG), Campo Grande (TC), Vitoria (ES), San Luis (MA), Belem (PA), Macapá (AP), Manaus (AM), Maceió (AL), Aracaju (SE) and Goiânia (GO).
Florianópolis (SC) and Rio Branco (AC) not to send information.
This is a & # 39 is an important tool for vector control. You can identify areas where outbreaks There is a concentration of mosquitoes and they are based on the collected information. The aim is that with the survey, the municipalities have the best conditions to make the planning of combat operations, and mosquito control.