Biologist Camila Azzi of the Rondônia Central Laboratory
Earlier this year, rondoniense witnessed news of human contamination from yellow fever in cities in the South and Southeast of the country. For weeks, the deaths of small monkeys were thematized in major communication vehicles and served as fuel to fill the Health Unit of people seeking vaccinations against yellow fever. In front of the data, in the country, the residents still pay attention. In Porto Velho, for example, in the first half of this year, the city health department carried out door-to-door vaccinations to prevent the disease population after the death of confirmed primates, in the Nova Esperanza, in City. That is a moment of tension.
After a few months, analysts working at the Rondônia Community Health Center Laboratory (Lacen) presented the results of monitoring the incidence of diseases transmitted by animals, such as yellow fever. According to data, during this year, there were positive tests for yellow fever in the country, including in the capital, Porto Velho, but there was no contamination in humans. The good news comes from the fact that many people are vaccinated against the disease. "In the last 10 years, Rondônia is the state with the highest rate of yellow fever vaccination in the North and one of the best in Brazil," said Camila Azzi, a Lacen biologist.
He explained that in situations like Porto Velho, where there is evidence of monkey death, health measures must be immediate: "You do not have to wait for the results of the examination, if death has been notified, it is necessary to vaccinate the environmental population immediately," he said. Another action is health education work carried out with residents, who guide, for example, that they do not have to kill or manipulate dead animals.
Anophelino: Malaria Sends Mosquitoes
Biologists also talk about other infectious diseases, which were proven in the state this year. In the second example, by vectors of disease that have disturbed Rondônia's population for centuries: namely malaria. This year, the highest level of the disease is registered in Ariquemes, Candeias doing Jamari, Itapuã do Oeste and Porto Velho. Machadinho did Oeste walking towards eliminating the disease, according to Camila.
In Candeias do Jamari, where the incidence of malaria is considered high, professionals working in the fight against the disease act in front of others: one of the sprays, to help eliminate anophelino, the vector of Plasmodium, the protozoa that causes malaria. "Furthermore, the efficiency of spraying will be analyzed by studying insects found in the region," he added.
Third, among animal-borne diseases, during 2018, Camila Azzi mentions animal rabies, which was also proven in the examination, whose collection was carried out in Rondônia. These cases are positive not for dogs and cats, but for bats. "However, we must be aware of campaigns to vaccinate dogs and cats," he stressed. Another treatment mentioned by Camila about rabies animals, if residents find bats, both living and dead, is to trigger technicians from the Zoonosis Center in their city. "The technicians in the area can manipulate animals, in addition, they will be able to send samples for inspection at Lacen and in that way, we will be able to follow the level of contamination in each region", complementing biologists.
Luiz Tagliane, Director of Lacen explained that in addition to diseases that interfere with humans and animals, the laboratory is a benchmark in the State for analysis in several regions, with three research centers: Center for Animal Biology, Center for Medical Biology and Core Products and Environment. "Only Lacen has the ability to carry out confirmatory analysis of very complicated exams," said the director. Therefore, the 52 municipal laboratories of the State sent samples to be validated at Lacen.