The number of international adoptions in 2018 with the & # 39 is the lowest in the last 20 years in Brazil. It was completed in the last year 67 children's adoptions by applicants from outside the country. This is illustrated by G1.
One explanation for the decline from & # 39 is to increase the number of adoptions in the country. 2184 adoptions were through the National Register of last year, according to the National Justice Internal Affairs – a slight increase compared with the previous year. That is, the child is taken every four hours on average in Brazil today.
The number of adoptions in Brazil
Source: National Register of Adoption
"People of the country have started to take in children with illness or disability. In addition, they are more open to groups of brothers before. There is a gradual change of mentality, "says Paul Liv responsible for major international adoption department of assets and restoration of international legal cooperation at the Ministry of Justice and Public Security. "This has had an impact."
"But there are consequences of the global crisis of 2008. Among the four major partners who are accredited bodies for adoption (USA, France, Spain and Italy), three continue to have higher unemployment rates than in 2008. In other words, there was no recovery. And international adoption with & # 39 is a very expensive process, "says Paul, who specializes in the field of public policy and public administration.
She said that the National Adoption Registry – passing makeup – did not help change this reality. Three years ago, foreigners were included in the registry. However, currently registered outside the country only 287 applicants.
"There are still problems. The new account is in testing phase. And the fact that the servers tell you that, despite the improvement of the tool, a personal foul, to feed her. Most of the international adoption of judicial commissions can not effectively use the register. "
One of the changes in the new registry will include photographs and videos of children outside the historic host. Another novelty of the & # 39 is the introduction of a system that allows daily scan automatically between children and applicants' profiles that inform real-time judge on the possible "matches".
Children adopted by applicants from outside the country, in 2018 – Photo: Rodrigo Cunha / G1
There are currently 9,418 children and teens can take – a number that is growing every year. And why the bill does not close at the other end, there are 45.758 registered by the groom?
Profile sheltered and designed for parents helps answer the question:
- Nearly half of the applicant countries (44%) does not accept a black child
- The majority (61%) only accepts children without the disease
- And most (62%) did not take home stumbles brothers
And registration data show that:
- Almost one fifth of children black
- More than 20% have detected any disease
- And more than half (56%) have brothers
One of the factors that impede the approach, however, with the & # 39 is the age.
While 64% of children have more than seven years, for example, less than 10% of the residents show themselves open to embrace someone above that age. Among foreign applicants, 83% say they are ready to take the child for 7 years.
"International adoption should be an alternative," says Paul, Liv. "The problem is that the awareness of absence. Today it can be seen only in the presence of a negative episode. Therefore, it is necessary that the lawyers and support group show that international adoption today & # 39 is very safe. We do all the follow-up of children adopted outside the country for at least two years. The national adoption, for example, there is no such obligation. "
x desired profile of the real profile: drama shelter in the country – Photo: Caio Kenji / G1
Since international adoption is not yet a solution for older children and adolescents in shelters, some initiatives have attempted to fill this role in the country.
In the latter Innovare Award, which recognizes initiatives that contribute to the modernization of justice, on page created by São Paulo Court of Justice, which encourages the adoption of children has become a winner in one of the categories for seven years. Motto: "Take a good night – it would make all the difference in the lives of more than 5,000 children for seven years."
In Rio Grande do Sul, the late approval of the project with the & # 39 is another example. Designer Simone Uriartt, at the same time studying at UFGRS, decided to create a channel on YouTube, to tell the stories of seven & # 39; families adopting older children, encouraging other parents to do the same.
Over time, he realized that this in itself was not enough. "In 2015 we made the first company for the adoption of a teenager. And it's part of the great debate harvest. How much it is to expose the image of the teenager, who is awaiting the adoption of social media? What is the gain? What is the risk? ".
The answer came quickly. Taiane, 15, was admitted to the family & # 39; and in less than three months and won a new home because of the video.
Taiane with a young family & # 39; her – Photo: Press Release / Late Adoption of the draft
The father, a federal civil servant Sandra Roberto de Oliveira, I remember a time when he and his wife, gels, watched the video. "We were on our beach house in the north of Santa Catarina, and when he saw, despite the fact placed an age limit of seven years in the child's profile, very interested Taiane. We came into contact with the house Lahr even there. They asked us to send a short letter and a photo. not having internet at home, we went to an internet cafe to send, "he says.
"We were a childless couple. And since the introduction we always intend to take. So we got married, we got in line. Firstly, the section was comprehensive, but at an early age. Participating in a support group, however, we demystified this age. And expand the range, "he says.
"When we came into contact with the house Lahr, we had a couple of approaches. We feel boring at first, but if it was for the sake of it, all right, "he says. "A month later, however, we received a call asking if there was an interest, and we could spend the carnival holiday with her."
Sandra says two "dropped everything" in Blumenau (SC) and was "fantastic" days with Taiane in Farroupilha (RS). "Since there has been in recent failure, she was quite shy and suspicious in the early hours, but we have just said." We have come to let you know, and you just did not come back to us if you do not want, we want to you forever. ".
Two weeks later, Sandra and gels returned to Rio Grande do Sul city, attended the hearing and was Taiane with his parents in their new home. "There was, of course, the problems of adolescence. But it is the golden girl & # 39;. Ve been doing fed College. "
Sandra gives a message to the suitors: ".. If a child is older, she has a great desire to be taken and a lot of affection and love to give to parents who are in the queue and have to rethink the resistance should be"..
A video made in the House Lar Farrukhabad:
Videos made by parents after the adoption:
"Since then, we have made three videos. One of them was released last week, "says Simon Uriartt. "They tend to be cases in which the technical team areas have tried every possible way the union and failed. Children and adolescents who are there 10, 15 years in the orphanage and are very eager to be adopted. These teams give us a call. It does not always work, but we do not give up. "
"Children of the forgotten shelters. Some of them even come to the registration. And if it comes of age should not go, has no family relationship. This scenario, "said Simon, with the property. She even was adopted 3 years old, but his older brother – who cared for her, and it was almost 10 at the time – has not been the same fate, and was in a shelter.
"We need to talk more on the subject of adoption. And look at the whole chain of social assistance. In addition, it is necessary to & # 39; to join forces. Today, it has its own application, one that has its own website. There's no point if there is a national register, to divide these efforts. "