(AP) – Child abuse increases the next day after school report card released – but only if the children receive their scores on Friday, the Florida study suggests.
Interesting discovery surprised researchers who figured abuse can go regardless of the particular day the children received their evaluation.
But their study in the child abuse hotline reports that included fractures, burns and other abuse found confirmed otherwise. The increase was only on Saturdays after the report-card on Friday. Although the overall figures were small, there were almost four times as many cases these Saturdays than on other Saturdays. There is no clear link between the table and the abuse was not found on other days of the week.
"Anecdotally, we know that many parents will clap their children or use corporal punishment if they are not satisfied with their school work," said University of Florida psychologist Melissa Bright, lead author.
This penalty may be offensive, when children do not have school the next day and the parents think that the injury may be more likely to go unnoticed, the researchers said, noting that teachers are required to report suspected child abuse. Or it may be that severe penalties are less likely during the week, when the parents are too busy to focus on a report card, Bright said,
But she acknowledged these theories with the & # 39 are suggested and that the results are not to & # 39 are the proof.
study It was published on Monday JAMA Pediatrics.
The researchers reviewed the appeals to the Florida child abuse hotline and report card School release date in most Florida counties 67 for the 2015-2016 school year. Almost 2,000 cases of physical abuse in children aged 5 to 11, approved by the bodies of social protection of children have been included.
It had an average of just over 0.6 per 100,000 cases of abuse of children on Saturday after a report-card on Friday, compared with slightly less than 0.2 per 100,000 children in the other Saturday. On average, less than one day, because so many days were included in the analysis. But in this state of Florida, with the school age, a little more than 3 million children, this can amount to 19 cases involving the abuse report card, compared with 5 in the other Saturday, the researchers say.
External experts have noted study limitations, not including any evidence that children who are mistreated got bad grades and lack of information about when the parents first learned about children's classes. But they said that the study was useful to highlight that child abuse and corporal punishment is still all too common, although rates have declined since the 1990s. The prices were 9 per 1,000 children in the United States in 2016 compared with 13 per 1,000 in 1990.
Dr. Robert Sege, Boston pediatrician and professor of medicine at Tufts University, said a bad evaluation should be a time for parents to find out what causes the struggle of their children. "There's no place for corporal punishment for school failure, because it did not work and missing the point."
Sege to & # 39 is the lead author of the renovation policy of the American Academy of Pediatrics, published last month, which recommends against corporal punishment and spanking.
An editorial published in the study said that the United States deserves a C-minus "for effective strategies to discipline."
Changing day report card release may reduce some of the abuse, the editorial said, "but it does not solve the more serious & # 39; a serious problem: it is still socially acceptable to hit a child to correct his behavior."