Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder from the & # 39 is more prevalent among certain vulnerable groups, including orphans, prisoners, and indigenous groups, according to a new study of Canadian leadership. The results also reinforce the message that there is no "safe amount" of alcohol a pregnant woman can drink, the researchers say.
A study led by Toronto's Center for Addiction and Mental Health and published in Addiction journal on Tuesday, attended by about 70 studies in 17 countries and identified five subpopulations, which were found to be 10 to 40 times higher prevalence of disorders of fetal alcohol spectrum ( FASD), than in the general population.
Disorder which includes heavier Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), disproportionately affects the following groups:
Care children (including adopted seven & # 39; families, children's homes)
Among the indigenous population
the population of the Special Education
Specialized clinical populations (including mental health care, genetic clinics)
Although the results are not surprising, said lead author Dr. Svetlana Popova, it is the first time, the prevalence of FASD was estimated globally sensitive groups of the population compared with the general population. In a study presented evidence that FASD with & # 39 is a common disease, which significantly increases the risk of long-term hardship. Of FASD, which is due to the consumption of alcohol by the mother during pregnancy, is seen in society, regardless of socio-economic status or ethnicity. People with FASD have different mental and physical difficulties and often face difficulties in later life, including problems with substance abuse, metal health, legal system, independent life and education.
"We need to reduce the prevalence of FASD,» said Popova, a senior fellow at the Institute for CAMH mental health research policy, in an interview with & # 39; nd CTVNews.ca. "To reduce FASD as a whole, we need to better educate our population, including children and adolescents."
Part of this education involves clearing misconceptions, including the assumption that a glass of wine or a beer with dinner is not harmful for pregnant women.
"This is really a myth," said Popov, adding that while some studies suggest a small amount of alcohol is not harmful, while others show that even small amounts can cause harm to the fetus. "People are confused. There is so safe amount of alcohol or type-safe or safe time to drink alcohol during pregnancy or when planning to become pregnant. To be on the safe side, you should plan their pregnancies and do not drink alcohol two to three months before you are pregnant. "
It is assumed that there are more than 400 conditions associated with FASD umbrella diagnosis that Popov and the team said Canada's expenditures in the billions of dollars annually. Although it has been estimated that one percent of the general population has FASD and is worth about $ 1.8 billion per year is estimated to Popov, the rooms are more like two to three percent of the population, the cost is closer to $ 6 billion in the corresponding expenses in the field of health care, child care, education and legal systems.