This week in Huntsville, Alabama, the vice-president Mike Pence announced literal Moonshot: putting Americans back to the moon for five years, four years ahead of schedule, NASA. Now, NASA will have to bend over backwards to make sure that the administration keeps its promises, which date back to 2017.
Pence told the audience that the NASA administrator Jim Bridenstin told him five minutes before the performance that NASA had a plan to get back on the moon before 2028, and to build a permanent outpost – the like of which has never been done before. But pension, with & # 39; being immediately process the latest information, was impressed by the scale of NASA. A few minutes later, he seemed to calculate a new forecast (or perhaps he was Eyeballing it some) that NASA should cut this purpose in 2028 by almost half.
That's pensions, in the White House transcript:
You know, after several years of cost overruns and slipped deadlines, we actually say that the earliest we can get back to the moon 2028. Now, it would be 18 years after the SLS program was started and 11 years after US President directed NASA to return American astronauts to the moon.
Ladies and gentlemen, this is just not good enough. We're better than that. It took us eight years to get to the moon for the first time, 50 years ago, when we have never done this before, and it should not take us 11 years to get back.
Later, pensions made "five years' forecast.
And I'm here on behalf of the President, to tell the man and woman from the Center for Marshall Space Flight and the American people that, as directed by the United States President, it is stated policy of this administration, and therefore the United States to return American astronauts to the moon in the next five years.
"In order to succeed, because the administrator will describe today, we must focus on the mission of the means," he said retired later. "If our current contractors can not achieve this goal, we will find those who will."
It Pension NASA describes as the space agency has a budget, technology and personnel necessary for humans to the moon in five years, but his words also describe the agency's slow complacency.
NASA have all the technology it needs to really get to the Moon by 2024?
New month mission is much more ambitious than Apollo referenced retirement. It requires sending a spaceship called Lunar gateway that serves as the basis for sustainable human lunar presence. From there, the moon will carry the astronaut with Coiled hither and thither between the gateway and the moon to perform experiments and commercial work.
This is a great company, and it has been a while since NASA launched a manned flight with its own technology to an even smaller scale. Since the space shuttle program was retired in 2011, the Americans relied on the Russian technology to get astronauts to the International Space Station. NASA historian and «Dean Space Policy" John Logsdon, Ph.D., previously said return"It's a little embarrassment."
This does not mean that we do not make progress manned missions. Commercial space companies such as SpaceX, testing the crew capsule to send an astronaut to the ISS (the first test of the crew of the Dragon was in the beginning of March). But the project Lunar gateway requires more equipment, more people, and really big, specialized rocket to get it all there, so NASA is focused on its system of a space rocket, a mega-rocket, built by Boeing, who will receive the components of the gateway to the orbit and Orion space vehicles. Together these components form a "skeleton" Lunar Gateway.
Unfortunately, the SLS with a & # 39 is hung on a pension – one aimed at him in his speech, and hinted that they would consider other contractors, if NASA does not speed up their schedule. However, NASA said the SLS with a & # 39 is "only a rocket that can send Orion, an astronaut and a big load on the moon on a mission."
This can be an empty threat from the pension, which will push the boundaries of NASA, as he tries to whip the SLS in the form of a half-time they were expecting to receive. But no matter, NASA says they are embracing the challenge pension. agencies tweeted Tuesday, "we are up for the challenge!" said NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstin that the agency is looking at "creative approaches to promote the SLS production and testing," which will help them to stay on schedule.
Orion, on the other hand, may be able to hit pence term, but it will take to revise the aspects of the design of their spacecraft. Lockheed Martin, the company responsible for the construction of The Orion, said the timetable was "aggressive, but achievable," but will require changes in the design. For example, they offered to run an earlier version of the Lunar gateway, which focuses only on the critical components of the motor and the dock.
Although SLS and Orion are two main components that will be affected pence words, there are some small, unmentioned parts of sustainable space prescence, he forgot to mention.
As we learned from the abolition of all women in the open space, there is a lack of space suits designed to accommodate people of all shapes and sizes. In fact, there shortcoming new suits. 2017 Inspector General's report notes that "given the current development schedule, a substantial risk that the spacesuit prototype of the next generation will not be mature enough time to check it out on the ISS until 2024."
To cover all bases, from the smallest detail to the SLSU, NASA will require funding, which, at least in comparison with the previous mission, may not be available, too.
NASA have money?
The most recent NASA budget shows that there is a new influx of funds to achieve the goal of building a Lunar Gateway. Trump's budget allocates $ 21.5 billion dollars in the project. Compared with Apollo, which consisted of 33 flights (11 manned) for 11 years, the cost of $ 25.4 billion at the time. Adjusted for inflation, 2008 standards, that 163 billion US dollars.
It is still difficult to say how the current budget Trump is going to perform the Lunar gateway to the new schedule – although the comparison with Apollo gave the impression that the current budget provides hundreds of billions short.
But the key is, how the money will be, it's still no substitute for time. If the new NASA budget in 2019, it was announced in March, Chief Financial Officer Jeff DEWIT NASA does not lament the lack of funding; he actually asked for patience.
"This is a deeply technical conditions in terms of getting there faster. Thus, we are not asking for more money for us to do the job. We just need a little more time, "said DEWIT.
Chronology Why important?
Patience, however, may be in short supply in the White House. Trump Space Policy Directive 1 – directing NASA return to the moon, but also work with business partners to do so – was signed in 2017 when Trump signed this directive, the pension is decorated as "another promise kept President Trump.» But going in 2028 terms Trump promise to return to the moon will not be realized until after 2024 presidential elections and, possibly, in the midst of the presidential elections in 2028.
promises held political appeal can be a powerful player in the call to accelerate the timing of administration, even if the technology or tools may not be available yet. May be intrigued by this great idea, this administration is ready to pull out all the stops to make 2024 happen, so in fact retire gave NASA an ultimatum: if NASA can not meet it in a short time, then the government will look for people at least say they can.
Pence has predicted that those ready to answer the call is private companiesWhich, according to the Space Policy Directive 1, this administration wants to see NASA to work with in the first place. Already a lot of private space companies have floated even more ambitious targets than the pension. Elon Musk said that he would get people to Mars by 2024, calling for five years "for a long time." Jeff Bezos, founder of Blue Origin, is planning to start the first steps towards the month of the colony in 2023.
If the company & # 39 are to provide accelerated solutions that can exceed the expectations of pennies, and then, perhaps, his comments a good kick in the pants for NASA and its contractors today. But if it is not, the pension floats the same spirit that gave us a car Edison: swim a great idea and wait for real science to catch up (with the proviso that it can.)
"Urgency should be our motto," Pence said. "Failure to achieve our goal of returning US astronauts to the moon in the next five years is not an option."