If someone showed you above picture without context, you probably think that it was intact blood vessel. Readers, this is not so. This is the perfect cast of branching air passages in the right lung person dies of heart failure, formed of coagulated blood, which had accumulated in it.
Doctors men were absolutely stunned at the thing, which they published in New England Journal of Medicine.
First, let's one thing. It is not really part of his lungs, as some headlines claim. It is not possible to cough easy (although you may cough as much light herniates through your ribs. It's not fun, so try to avoid this).
In fact, the bronchial tree clumps – called casts – not uncommon at all. Several casts clot of blood have been reported in the past few years – coughing 57-year-old woman with lupus in 2010. 25-year-old pregnant woman in 2005, and 80-year-old in 2015,
And if you head on over to the medical image sharing social network Figure 1 and search for "bronchial cast", you will see many impressions are formed of coagulated blood, or mucus that accumulates in the lungs in some medical conditions.
What makes this particular cast is so intriguing is not that it happened at all, but it's absolutely huge – and the patient coughed it in one piece, without breaking it.
"We were surprised," said the doctor, this man, George Wieselthaler Atlantic"It's curious, you can not imagine – I mean, it's very, very, very rare."
The patient, an anonymous 36-year-old man, coughing throw during the acute treatment of end-stage heart failure in the intensive care unit, after a long history of heart failure.
His doctors linked his heart to the device to help it pump blood throughout the body. But since these devices can also cause blood clots, they had to give it a continuous infusion of an anticoagulant called heparin to try to prevent it.
Besides coagulation & # 39 is a necessary part of the system body self-healing, working to the blood vessels from the development of small tears, which will lead to internal bleeding – or, if they occur in the blood vessels that carry blood around the lungs, from leaking into the air passages and accumulating there.
Unfortunately, this is what happened to the patient. Within a week after doctors realized Impella devices and heparin treatment, he began coughing small blood clots that led to extreme cough, during which it was raised giant mass.
If doctors have deployed it, they saw the cast is so perfect, they were able to pinpoint him as a human right bronchial tree.
They think that held it together was probably a protein called fibrinogen, which is a & # 39 is vital for the process of blood clotting. Although the patient was on anticoagulant his infection has caused elevated levels of fibrinogen in the blood – it could be a blood clot held together until he coughed it.
Unfortunately, though, he felt better after the clot was an easy one, and not cough any further clots, the condition of his heart was too harsh. He died just over a week after complications from heart failure.
The case was reported to the New England Journal of Medicine.