As the snow melts, and each receives from the outside, inter & # 39; er Health wants to remind us to check for ticks.
Ticks are small bugs, about the size of sesame seed, which feed on the blood of humans and animals, and sometimes the transmission of diseases.
Ticks spread throughout the interior and are usually located in the tall grass and woodland. They are most easily found on humans or pets when they actually suck blood.
Mites dig into the skin of the bite, blood sampling, and then leave. Mouth feeding tick is located under the skin, but will stick backs. If they are full of blood, they are usually blue-gray in color. This is called the tick is poured.
Common symptoms of tick-borne infections include fever, headache, muscle pain and rash.
Species of ticks common to health through internal & # 39 are Wood ticks (Dermacentor andersoni). These clamps do not carry Lyme disease bacteria; However, they may carry other diseases, such as Rocky Mountain spotted fever.
Ticks (Ixodes pacificus and Ixodes angustus) with & # 39 are species that transmit Lyme disease. They are distributed throughout coastal BC but may be present in some areas of the inter & # 39; healthcare careers.
While less than one percent of Ixodes in BC carry Lyme disease, it is important to recognize the symptoms.
In addition to fever, headache and muscle pain, people infected with Lyme disease often & # 39 is a rash that looks like a "bull's eye" target, which extends from the site of the tick bite.
Some ticks can produce toxins that can cause temporary muscle weakness and paralysis, if not supplied within a few days. Once the tick is removed, the symptoms disappear.
what to do
It is important to remove ticks found on humans and domestic animals. To do this, wear gloves and use tweezers Needle nose to gently grasp the tick close to the skin. Pull the tick straight without squeezing it. Once it is removed, cleaned area with soap and water.
If the tick alive (live mites can be tested for Lyme disease), you can store it in an airtight container with a cotton swab dipped in water. Record the date of the bite on the container.
If you have questions or need help removing a tick, see your doctor or visit a walk in medical clinic.
While the majority of tick bites are harmless, it is important to watch out for signs of the disease and seek medical advice as soon as possible if you notice a rash bull's eyes or other symptoms. If you save the tick, take it with you to your medical appointment.
Fortunately, a number of precautions can be taken to prevent tick bites and tick-related diseases. For example, you should:
- Walk on cleared trails when in tall grass or wooded areas
- Cover up by wearing a hat, long sleeves and pants
- Wear light-colored clothing to help spot ticks easily
- Tuck pant legs into socks or boots
- Apply insect repellent containing DEET to uncovered skin
- Check clothing and scalp (covered or not) when leaving an area where ticks may live. Ask someone to help check remote areas
- There is a shower after returning from areas where ticks may live
- Regularly check pets for ticks
To keep ticks away from the house and the yard, you can:
- Keep your lawn short and remove any dead leaves and weeds
- Keep the buffer zone, such as wood chip or gravel border between your lawn and wooded terrain or stone walls. Any playground equipment or play areas should be kept away from the wooded area
- Pruning of trees to allow more sunlight in your backyard
- Keep wooden piles and the feeder away from home
- Visible and maintain tracks on your property
For more information, see the tick bite in HealthLinkBC.