"Every time someone tells me that you have been diagnosed with colon cancer, it's like I nailed the knife." Thus, the example of Thursday despair before diagnosis of the disease can be prevented by Miguel Ángel Muñoz Navas, president of the Alliance for the prevention of colon cancer. And it will happen until then, until it extends to the screening of the general population, screening for the disease, that is, like most things in Spain, 17 speeds: while 73.5% of the inhabitants of Navarre from 50 to 69 years responded the call to get tested, the percentage in Andalusia by 2%, according to the 2017, in the last year – the data of the alliance. Spain an average of 24%.
Cancer of the colon with a & # 39 is the most common tumor in Spain, with 37,000 diagnoses a year, two thirds of them men. Floor & # 39 is the most common second both breasts (women), and prostate (in men). But as long as the cancer does not exist lengthy process that begins in polyps, and most of the time they will face. Thus, the regional population screening plans in this age group (and others, if they have a family history & # 39; and or some of the genes that are involved well-known), encourage to pass a simple test: detection of fecal occult blood. Only later to confirm the diagnosis, to begin colonoscopy that about 7% of the time give a positive, says Emilio Iglesias, President Europacolon, organization of patients with this disease.
Coverage of health programs in 2017, in%
Source: Network of Cancer Screening Programs. COUNTRY
Carlos of Hué, the same organization that puts a sharp picture that shows the outrage over the uneven pace in the implementation of screening in communities, committed to extend 100% of the target population in 2021: "If I had a story to tell, that the risk of dying in car accident in Andalusia, four times more than in Navarre would be a scandal that occurs with colon cancer, nothing happens, "he says. And it takes a kinder part number: just look at what percentage of people who have been invited to this test have been undergone in 2017: about 74% in Navarre; 20% in Andalusia. But keep in mind that the Navarre plan is very advanced and has already contacted almost the entire population of high-risk, and Andalusia started later and offered to only 11%.
There's no reason for this refusal. Muñoz said that in the eighties, when he began performing the screening test is the chair of human blood was to be the three day diet. Today, we do not need any training. Just the fact that it is a disease that can remain hidden for a long time, it does not hurt or upset (sometimes even in the presence of bleeding) explains this reluctance. With early detection could save 36,000 lives, says the Alliance.
Both of these organizations, such as the Spanish Association Against Cancer (AECC) to find a single cause of differences in the implementation of screening programs (almost 100% in 2017, in practice, in Navarre, Basque Country, Valencia, Cantabria, Castilla y Leon and Catalonia Asturias 10% and 11 % in Andalusia): "political will".
The goal is to reduce the mortality from this disease that, if prevented by removing the polyps, and even if detected before it spread or metastasis has cure rates of 90%, but if it is diagnosed late in a very poor prognosis. These types of cancer in the later stages should be around 11406 deaths from colorectal neoplasia that the INE, recorded in 2017, in addition to its facilities, there is one more aspect that worries: do not fall down. In 2010, 11,241.