Many are on vacation opportunity in the high mountains, in the desert regions of the desert or on the high seas perfect star look. Despite the fact that in the light of our cities and towns, even in the pure night palates usually seen no more than one or two dozens of stars, the night sky is not quiet with the help of earthly lights, dust and mist taken countless brilliant points of light. About three thousand stars can be recognized by dark night dark.
The vast majority of the suns in space so far and so weak that you can not see their naked eyes. The world's largest telescope is about 100 billion galaxies of the Milky Way. And large galaxies contain several hundred billion suns. This leads to a large number forty trillion stars, huge amount, says the four, then 22 zeros.
Jupiter and Saturn dominate the night sky
The night sky is dominated by the two largest planets in our solar system in August – Jupiter and Saturn. Thanks to its luster giant planet Jupiter is superior to all the other stars and planets. After dark it can be seen as a bright white spot in the south-west. Since the second half of the night giant planet resigns.
By the end of August, he was dying for a quarter of an hour before midnight. In the evening in the southern sky standing pale, yellowish, but clearly known Saturn. He is in Suzorye & # 39; e Shooter. However, its famous ring system can only be seen through a telescope, about 30 times. On the morning sky annular planet simple. 31 minutes of sun Saturn is already close to two o'clock in the morning.
The ability to catch the Mercury
In mid-August in the morning sky it is possible to spy on a fast and hard to observe Mercury. From the 10th to the 20th you can see Benjamin planets deep in the eastern sky about an hour before dawn. A good pair of binoculars helps to find Mercury.
Venus passes the sun in the middle of the month. It can be seen from the ground, it is the sun. Astronomer calls it Suzorye & # 39; e "top combination." In this position, Venus reaches 259 million kilometers. Since our inner neighbor planet is the sun in the daytime sky, it still is not observed at night. Only with the end of October, Venus appears as the evening star.
Mars is also in the daytime sky, and it is not visible at night. In late October, the red planet with the & # 39 appeared in the morning sky. August 26th Mars passes the furthest point of its elliptical orbit. On this day, he separates the 249 million kilometers from the sun.
Perseus – hundred meteors per hour
August brings us the richest providing stellar stream year. Since the beginning of the month with a & # 39 are meteors Perseus. As the name implies, it seems meteors from Suzorye & # 39; e Come to Perseus. The peak activity of "the Persian" is expected in the night from 12 to 13 August. The hour to hundreds flame meteors on, including a very bright objects, these fireballs or fireballs.
meteors: So, you see the maximum Perseus
However, the bright light of the moon breaks leading surveillance meteors, Incurred by the Perseids comet 109 P / Swift-Tuttle. the penetration rate of 60 kilometers per second, the Perseids quickly enough meteors.
In August, two new moon
In August, two times the moon comes a new month: the 1st of the month up to 5:12, and the 30th – at 12:37. Similarly, the Moon passes twice above its point of orbit, "Earth": the second – 359.400 kilometers in the morning and only 357,180 kilometers on the afternoon of the 30th. In the evening of the 15th, in the moon with the & # 39 appears Luna Suzorye & # 39; e Capricorn is completely covered. Fine adjustment of the full moon is already taking place at 14:29 in the second half of the 15th.
Summer evening nature of the still sky virtually unchanged from July. However, compared with the previous month Arcturus Suzorye & # 39; e Boats already deeper in the west to find. In the southern sky high summer triangle of Vega in the Lyre, and Deneb in Cygnus Otar in Eagle. Wega seen vertically above your head. Orange and blue Arctic Vega – the brightest stars in the northern sky. They are the first in a clear sky at dusk. Pegasus in the east area of the rose. This is called Autumn Quadrangle, because announced the upcoming season. Pegasus considered Leitsternbild autumn sky. Hercules, Corona Borealis and wears snakes can be seen in the western half of the sky.
Exotic heaven on & # 39; object: ring nebula in Suzorye & # 39; e lira
Scorpio with its deep red giant star Antares is the destruction of the south-west. Antares slightly north of the giant planet Jupiter shines in zmeynika feet. Barely above the southern horizon arrow passes through the south. In Sagittarius, you can see the bright Saturn.
Big Dipper down in the north-west. It is located on the lower part of its orbit around Palyarsterna. Opposite Cassiopeia rises, sky-B. Near the northern horizon zhavtlyalnay Chapel shines Suzorye & # 39; e Furman. It is especially advantageous to observe the exotic heaven on & # 39; object, namely: ring nebula in Suzorye & # 39; e Lear because he is currently the highest in the sky. The bright binoculars you can see between the two stars and Sheliak Sulafat, are two stars in the southern Leyerhombe, round nebula. Only large telescopes can detect the structure of a ring structure that has long seemed overwhelming for astronomers.
Day length decreases
It was found ring nebula from the comet hunter Charles Messier January 31, 1779, he gave him the number 57 in his famous catalog is currently nebulous objects. A week later, also understood Antoine Darko in Toulouse M 57 in lyre. Many books will dark falsely named the first discoverer. ring nebula it is nothing like the ejected outer shell of aging stars, whose hot core of the star emits intense ultraviolet radiation, which makes the fog light. Even our sun shed the outer shell of the distant day.
The sun moves at a lower branch of its annual orbit. Your northern height falls to 9 °, day length is reduced by a quarter. On the 11th, she leaves in the morning Suzorye & # 39; e Cancer and go to this Suzorye & # 39; e Leo, through which it wanders until 17 September. August 23 it passes Regulus, the lion's star. At noon on the same day she enters the zodiac sign Virgo.
By RND / dpa