This means that if a person is found ticks, and are believed he had been there for more than 24 hours, the patient should receive antibiotics to prevent the infection of Lyme, even without analyzing the mites. This is required 24 hours prior to the bacteria in the intestines move to the salivary glands and are transmitted to humans.
Three days later, preventive treatment will not work because the patients waiting for symptoms or enough time to develop antibodies to a & # 39 will be on the test. It may take more than a month before a & # 39; the onset of symptoms. Basically, they are similar to the impact of the flu, including fever and pain, as well – usually, but not always – a rash. Typically, antibodies of the immune system & # 39 will be about as long to get to the & # 39 appears on the laboratory analysis.
If not treated, Lyme disease can cause serious & # 39; serious illnesses such as meningitis, but ETP quick to point out that, since it is caused by bacteria, it can be treated with drugs.
"This is good news, in fact, that there are antibiotics that work to treat Lyme disease," – she said.
Most offices in the field of Health Canada were used to test the ticks submitted by the public, as well as for self-monitoring by the active search mite population and verifying them. Some, including Ottawa, have decided now that with Lime & # 39 is endemic, they should go to public education and prevention as well as treatment.
Lyme disease was named after the city of Lima, Connecticut, where the first case was diagnosed in 1975. It is caused by bacteria that are traded back and forth among black ticks and migratory birds and small mammals such as mice and chipmunks. Ticks bite birds and small mammals infected with bacteria that infect and then spread the disease when the next bite victims.
Until 10 years ago, the majority of cases that have been discovered in Canada, there were people who klyashchylasya while traveling in the United States. But climate change has led to the fact that in the south of Canada there is a mild winter, which means that the mites that migrate to Canada on the backs of migratory birds, are currently experiencing a greater number of winter, rather spread the bacteria causing Lima.
Canada began tracking cases of Lyme disease in 2009, when 144 cases were confirmed or considered probable. It was believed that only 79 of these cases in Canada.
In 2017, across the country, it was confirmed more than 1,400 cases, and more than two-thirds of them in Ontario, and most of them are believed to have been contracted locally.
National statistics for 2018 is not yet available, but in Ontario the number actually dropped significantly: from 967 in 2017 to 612 in 2018. Etchs said that because 2018 was hotter and drier than 2017, and flowers bloom during the wet and cold weather & # 39; e.
A study conducted at the National Research Center for Infectious Diseases University of Manitoba, which occurred in 2014, found that ticks that carry Lima, expanding their territory about 46 km per year, it is expected that in the mapping of health units.
In 2017 and 2018 the National Park Point Pelee near Windsor, California, considered the region with the risk, but the rest of the district of Windsor-Essex in the southern tip of Ontario has not. In 2019 almost all the districts have been added as an area of risk.
In 2017 Nova Scotia was declared with the risk of Lyme disease.
In New Brunswick, six of the 15 countries were declared endangered in 2018.
There is also a risk for Lyme in southern Manitoba, northwestern part of Ontario, British Columbia and Quebec. Despite the fact that several other cases of Lima were found in the other four provinces, their number is very small and generally decreased in other countries.
Mia Rabson, The Canadian Press