Institute of Hygiene, 2017. circulatory system diseases, more than half died of. in. 56.1 percent. people. Cardiac and vascular disorders mainly influenced by high blood pressure, smoking, stress, poor nutrition, obesity, physical inactivity, alcohol, high blood cholesterol, according to a statement to the media.
Despite the high incidence of cardiovascular disease is still shrouded in various myths. Basically, it's seven.
1. Heart disease affects only the elderly
Many people believe that their health is of concern only to the retirement age. But heart disease does not occur suddenly, like the flu, and develop operational risk for decades, as people active and able-bodied, but ignores the principles of a healthy lifestyle. The long-term consequence of invisible processes – a manifestation of heart disease (sometimes sudden death) in adulthood.
In addition, problems with the heart with a & # 39 are innate or & # 39 are at birth, and young people may experience heart problems due to obesity or diabetes of the second type. Now, these and other risk factors are becoming increasingly common problem, even at a young age.
2. Cardiovascular diseases are more common in men
One of the myths that women and heart disease are less likely than men. Unfortunately, the risk of cardiovascular disease in women increases significantly after menopause. Hygiene Institute, 2017. Cardiovascular disease has led to 48.1 percent. men and even 63.4 percent. female deaths. Thus, the main enemy of women – heart disease. Now the trend in risk of the disease at a young age every year.
3. It is normal to have high blood pressure if you are over
fluctuations in blood pressure is normal, and the older the person, the greater the blood pressure tends to rise. However, this trend does not mean that it is good for the heart – high blood pressure is called the "silent killer" because the first one may not experience any symptoms. Increased blood pressure in the elderly as well as younger than harmful. The aging vessel walls lose elasticity and become stiff for high blood pressure – hypertension – considerably increases the risk of stroke and heart attack. Older people need to monitor blood pressure and adjust it.
4. cholesterol may increase only in old age
"I do not need to check the level of cholesterol in the blood, because I am young," – as my general. However, doctors recommend to start testing blood cholesterol levels as early as age 20 and repeated every five years. It is recommended to begin screening earlier, when your relatives had heart disease – you are at increased risk for younger age.
Cholesterol is required for the human body, but the high concentration in the blood clog blood vessels. Although prevention – healthy eating and movement – this is important, however, is already in excess of cholesterol rate in the blood, is still the only drugs – statins – helps regulate the level of damage to other organs. These drugs reduce blood cholesterol levels and often saves lives.
5. statins can cause diabetes
A study by the American Medical Association showed that people with diabetes, statins provide even greater benefit. They reduce the risk of heart attack, stroke and death risk that the diabetics have a much greater. Despite the fact that statins can sometimes raise blood sugar levels, however, the overall benefits that it compensates. If you have diabetes and take statins, watch sugar level, organized diet and regular exercise.
6. If a hereditary heart disease, they can not control
If heart disease is more than one generation of the family & # 39; and the risk of bad and you are actually above. However, this does not mean that you can not do anything to prevent the disease osecheniya do. With the help of a doctor under the control of cholesterol and blood sugar Eat healthy, control blood pressure and weight, to be active and not smoking. This is important not only to comply with these instructions, regular checkups – prevention will help reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease and to take timely and appropriate measures. Take advantage of Lithuania holds the cardiovascular prevention program, which covers 40-55 m. The men and 45-60 years. women.
7. statins can cause muscle pain
Statins are used in the world since 1988. For more than 30 years with statins has undergone a number of different studies have shown that statins reduce myocardial infarction and sudden death. And only a very small number of patients, they cause minimal side effects (eg., Pain in the muscles).
Most studies show that only a very small number of patients no longer actually use statins for their side effects. It often happens that people pasiskaitęs package insert, begins to feel like a medicine side effects, although in fact there are no side effects. This is called the nocebo effect. It is therefore important to maintain neapsigauti and self-government, to maintain effective protection against deadly diseases. All asked questions should be discussed with your doctor.
These and many other myths that still believed that & # 39; is a serious & # 39; oznay obstacle to the prevention of cardiovascular disease and treatment of Lithuania. Professionals points out that the first thing we have to rely on the doctor's opinion and not myths or hearsay, especially when it comes to health and life.
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