Every year, 20,000 babies are born prematurely in Tunisia, or about 50 babies a day born before the end of 37 weeks of pregnancy.
Professor Zahra Bensaid Marrakchi, Head of Neonatal Resuscitation and Neonatal Resuscitation at Charles Nicolle Hospital in Tunis, said that this figure represented 10% of the number of births per year (more than 200 thousand).
According to him, several risk factors are responsible for prematurity in pregnant women such as under 18 years of age or over 35 years, smoking, alcoholism, multiple pregnancies, history of premature birth, stress, excessive fatigue related to professional or family work and daily travel.
According to Pr Marrakachi, in Tunisia and like most countries, prematurity is the main cause of death at birth. Every year, around 15 million babies are born prematurely (before 37 weeks of pregnancy is completed).
This number is increasing. At the origin of nearly one million deaths per year in 2015, complications of preterm birth are the main cause of death among children under the age of 5 years.