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Environment: Sweden champion of renewable energy sources – World


The European Union, 17.5% of renewable energy consumption in 2017 on the way to achieving its environmental objectives. But some states are still far from the goal. In Switzerland, the cost of green energy to 22% of consumption.

In 2008, the EU pledged to increase to 20% in 2020 from his final energy consumption from green sources (hydropower, wind, solar, biomass, etc.) Each country has its own goals, based on its initial situation and its potential, in the range from 10 to 49%.

Eleven Member States have exceeded the ambitions that were attached to them, however, estimated the European Patent Office, Eurostat, that "efforts" are still needed for other countries much later.
In 2030, the EU aims to increase the share of renewable energy to 32% of energy consumption.

22% in Switzerland

Switzerland with the & # 39 is a good student in the field of electricity of more than 60% of production from renewable sources. The vast majority of this energy comes from hydroelectric power plants. In the area of ​​mobility and heat, however, room for improvement remains very important.

Eventually, all energy consumption in Switzerland, 22% from renewable sources. This data comes from SwissEnergy, the information platform for energy efficiency and renewable energy sources.

Sweden, European champion

Scandinavian countries – Sweden, Finland and Denmark – now hold on to the head of the European rankings.

Since 2012, more than half of the energy consumed in Sweden comes from renewable sources. Hydropower accounts for over 40% of electricity production in the country and the Swedes are heated mainly biofuels, according to the International Energy Agency (IEA).

Long dependent on energy imports, Denmark, a small country bordered by the sea without the aid depends on the wind energy 43% of its electrical needs, an investment that began in the late '70s, the country heats mainly with biofuels and waste.

The Netherlands is lagging behind

Luxembourg (6.4% green energy) and the Netherlands (6.6%) of the & # 39 are European countries that pull the lower part of their renewable energy consumption.
Despite the investment in offshore wind, the Netherlands lags behind most of its objectives.

The country, however, are particularly vulnerable to climate change, part of its territory is below sea level.

In addition, after the NGO historical claim, the Dutch judge ordered the state to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by at least 25% by 2020.

France prefers nuclear

Inspired by the Dutch decision, four NGOs attacked in mid-March, the French government for the "shortcomings" in its duty of action to combat global warming.
In 2017 the share of renewable energies in the energy consumption of France reached 16.3% to 23% expected in 2020.

France actually has long advocated for investment in nuclear power, from which more than 70% of electricity. Timber and hydropower with a & # 39 are the main sources of green energy in the French biofuels.

The government has promised to close 14 nuclear reactors by 2035 and to end 2022 four coal power plants are still in operation, provided that the electricity supply security is guaranteed.

Germany between coal and wind

When the German renewable energy – primarily wind and solar – are on the rise, they ensured that 15.5% of final energy consumption in 2017, with the aim of 18% in 2020.

Coal remains the cornerstone of the energy policy of the country, mainly due to the planned nuclear phase-out in 2022 37% of German electricity production and more than 30% of its heating comes from coal.

The first European economy gradually wants to go out to meet their climate commitments to reduce emissions. The new framework law on climate protection, are expected in 2019. (Ps / NXP)

Created: 2019/03/31, 9:05 pm

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