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Skin cancer: Why is it not just melanoma you need to worry about



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Skin cancer of the & # 39 are the most common type of cancer in New Zealand – in fact, they make up about 80 percent of all new cancer diagnoses each year.

However, when we think about skin cancer, most of us automatically assume that we are talking about melanoma and knows very little about the other common forms.

Top of the list of "other types of skin cancer" with the & # 39 are basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), which, although not as dangerous as melanoma, with & # 39 are much more common, affecting tens of thousands of we have every year. Grouped together, they form the so-called non-melanoma skin cancer or NMSCs.

Although most NMSCs occur in the elderly (over 65 years), they can definitely be assigned to young people, as well, with reported cases in children even in rare cases. NMSCs, usually caused by excessive UV damage, so they tend to occur more often in fair-skinned people and those areas of the skin where there is more exposure to the sun. For SCCs, in particular, there are other risk factors, as well as smoking, having the HPV virus and be "immune suppressants" such as chemotherapy or long-term steroids, all of which can increase the likelihood of developing this type of NMSC.

Skin cancer accounts for about 80 percent of all newly diagnosed cancer each year.

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Skin cancer accounts for about 80 percent of all newly diagnosed cancer each year.

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non-melanoma skin cancer usually caused by excessive UV damage.

non-melanoma skin cancer usually caused by excessive UV damage.

BCCs four times as often as SCCs. They tend to grow slowly and occur in areas that have the greatest exposure to the sun such as the face, ears and neck. Despite the fact that the risk of spread to other parts of the body is very low, they cause local "invasion", which means that they extend outwards and downwards, attacking body tissue around the original site and often causes a lot of ugliness. If you have been diagnosed with BCC, you are at much higher risk of getting more in the future.

In its early stages, BCCs appear as small, smooth, raised bumps on the skin surface, often with a clear or "pearl" tint to it. As they grow, they can become ulcerated and develop a raised outer edge and "raw" center, who may just look like a non-healing spot or scab on the skin. Despite the fact that they tend to color, some of them may be "pigmented", which will give them brown.

SOS on the skin can look very similar to the BCCs, and it is often not possible to distinguish them just by looking. They may have the characteristic crust raised appearance, but again may ulcerate, making them as sore healing sun. Although they are usually heading to invade local tissues, as well as BCCs, they have the potential to spread or metastasize to lymph nodes and other sites, especially if they are large, sun climb early, or is on the lips, ear, or areas of the body, there was a lot of sun exposure. If they metastasize, or spread, mortality is high, about 25 to 40 percent of patients survive for five years. AS may also occur in the mouth, but they tend to behave differently, and more aggressive management.

The key to successful treatment of nonmelanoma skin cancer & # 39 is early detection.

Christel YARDLEY / STUFF

The key to successful treatment of nonmelanoma skin cancer & # 39 is early detection.

The key to successful treatment of both BCCs and SCCs with 39 & # is early detection. The earlier NMSC are diagnosed and management, the lower the risk of both local invasion and more distant spread. I know that we have received this message for melanoma of all time, but no less important for NMSCs – if you notice changes in skin lesions (ie, something grows, bleeds, ulcerates or starts to scab or itch) on or something new to & # 39 is your skin that does not look like your other moles – please do not hesitate. Special offers doctor's appointment, initially with your doctor, and they will be able to test it for you and make a referral to a dermatologist for further evaluation, if necessary. The longer you leave the damage, the worse the outcome may be, and although it is very unlikely that they will affect your life expectancy, they can certainly cause a lot of distress and disfigurement if left untreated for a long time. I recommend to many of my elderly patients, especially those who have had a lot of sun exposure in their lives (or due to repeated episodes of sunburn or car & # 39; EASURES or a way of life that was in the open mostly air), comes in every year for normal skin check, where we together look closely for any changes that may have occurred during the previous 12 months can.

After finding the optimal control it depends on how big the NHIC and where it is on the body. In case of detection at an early stage, your doctor will discuss or do not require removal of all lesions by excision (ie, cutting it and removing all the cancer cells, which obviously leave some scars), or other treatments may be effective,

RNZ

Back in July of last year, according to New Zealand's skin cancer expert said improved access to treatment advances in the field means less die from it. Meanwhile, a new global study of skin cancer confirmed in New Zealand at the top of the list for new cases.

Other embodiments may include freezing NMSC off with liquid nitrogen, using topical cream chemotherapy, such as 5-fluorouracil or imiquimod, photodynamic light therapy, or radiation to the affected region.

For more information and photos of BCCs and SCCs, see Dermnet on dermnetnz.org

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