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Benefit and harm of alcohol: New Discoveries, old facts


Still from the film "The Great Gatsby"

The controversy surrounding alcohol and then flare up with renewed vigor. Some researchers claim that it belongs to the list of hard drugs; others say that alcohol in moderation can be good for your health. Who is right? We investigated in our material.

N & # 39; yanstva can change DNA

Drinking alcohol in excessive doses can cause changes at the DNA level, which will lead to an even greater craving for alcohol – the conclusion made by researchers from Rutgers and Yale University (USA). They compared three groups of people: the first drink moderately, others – drinking in a larger & # 39; volumes, others were alcoholics.

The experiment revealed that modification genes (scientifically, methylation) occurred in the latter two cases, the subjects. Scientists believe that their work will shed light on the problem of alcohol addiction and help people at risk do not become alcoholics.

Hangovers can not avoid increasing degrees

It is believed that "increasing degrees" helps alleviate the condition on the day after the feast.

Many ordinary people believe that if you drink alcohol in a certain sequence, they share hangover passes. British scientists have proved that it is a myth.

For the experiment, they invited 90 volunteers between 19 and 40 years old and spent two days with them in bars, watching their libations.

Participants were divided into three groups: the first drinking beer after wine, the other – the wine after beer, and the third – just one of the drinks; the next morning they described their condition. It turned out that there is no difference, what drinks and in what order to apply. The severity of a hangover depended on how much the man was n & # 39; they were during a party and how often drinking caused him discomfort in the day of the experiment.

Shot from the movie "Bootleggers"

Alcohol – the cause of death of most Russian men

According to the Russian Minister of Health Veronika Skvortsova, to date, the death rate among Russian men of working age is 720 cases per 100 thousand.

In 70% of male mortality associated with alcohol, which is not only acute poisoning, but also the effects of prolonged use of alcohol cirrhosis, liver cancer, atherosclerosis, pancreatic, gastric ulcer. According to Skvortsova, human health depends largely on the way of life, so the state should develop programs on healthy lifestyle, the minister said.

The youth leader in the alcohol risk

Age – is the main factor determining the benefits and harms of alcohol use. To such conclusion the group of scientists from the US, Australia, Canada and the UK. According to their study, people from 20 to 49 index unlived years because of alcohol hobbies was 59%, while in the group older than 65 years – 15%. This means that the risk of death of young people from drinking higher than in older people.

In this case, the benefits of moderate alcohol consumption, according to statistics, it is necessary to share the adult generation. Although it should be borne in mind that in order to participate in these studies are usually taken people over 50 years – that is not captured died due to alcohol at an earlier age. And among those who survive are likely to be those whose health was initially stronger, the researchers note.

Still from the film "The Big Lebowski"

Safe brother alcohol

Wanting to save people from the horrors of a hangover, a British psychiatrist David Nutt has created Alcarelle – a drink that seems to alcohol causes looseness and elation, but does not lead to loss of control over himself, morning sickness and complications like cirrhosis. 45 minutes after eating a person sobers up and can do things.

Interestingly, earlier Nutt led the Council on drug policy of the British Government. But in 2009, he lost the post after publishing an article in which he argued that alcohol is more dangerous than many drugs. Now the miracle drink is being tested. The inventor hopes that in five years Alcarelle will sell in all the bars, and by 2050, ethanol completely stop buying because that & # 39 appear safe substitutes.

How much is in cigarettes?

Alcohol and cigarette smoke – carcinogens, but which one is more dangerous? Experts from the University Hospital of the University of Southampton and Bangor decided to compare the cancer risk from alcohol consumption and smoking. To do this, they compared a variety of & # 39; the volume of alcohol consumed with the number of cigarettes smoked.

It turned out that one bottle of wine a week is equal to five cigarettes a week for men and ten – for women.

Their study, the researchers point out that even a small amount of alcohol increases the risk of cancer. For example, the likelihood of developing cancer among non-smoking men because of one bottle of wine per week was 1%, in non-smoking women – 1.4%. Three bottles increases the risk to 1.9% and 3.6%, respectively.

Shot from the series "Black Books"

Moderate libations, contrary to popular belief, does not reduce the risk of stroke and heart attack – the conclusion, scientists have also recently.

Craving for alcohol depends on genetics

Consumer n & # 39; yanstva and alcoholism – not the same: first, unlike the second, not from the 39 & # is a disease; Nevertheless one often leads to another. Scientists School of Medicine at Yale and Pennsylvania State University (USA), analyzed the genetic data 275 thousand people of different ethnicity and compared them with their alcohol consumption.

They found 18 genetic variants associated with a tendency to either n & # 39; yanstva or alcoholism, or both so both.

It turned out that to become an alcoholic, n & # 39; Janica has to be the bearer of certain mutations in the "genes for alcoholism." It is interesting that in people with a genetic predisposition to the rich alcohol consumption was more a high level of education, a reduced risk of coronary heart disease, diabetes type 2 – and generally better baseline health status than the carrier "genes for alcoholism."

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However, the matter is not only in the genes. The risk of becoming n & # 39; Janica alcoholic or 50% depends on the genes, and another 50% – on education, environment and lifestyle, scientists have found.

The venom of the long lasting effect

It is known that alcohol destroys nerve cells. And if you stop drinking – is the destruction of just stay? Unfortunately, no. Degeneration continues for at least another six weeks, and possibly longer. That is the conclusion drawn by researchers from Spain, Germany and Italy.

They studied the MRI 90 men who are hospitalized due to alcohol overdose, and found that in the brains of patients continued degenerative changes – despite the fact that those several weeks did not use a single drop of alcohol.

According to the results of the experiment with rats it was clear that alcohol suffer the most are two parts of the brain: the corpus callosum (which connects the cerebral hemispheres & # 39; s) and the hippocampus, which is responsible for the formation of emotions, training and operation of long-term memory.

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