About 33,000 Europeans die each year due to the antibacterial effects of antibiotics, according to the European Center for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), whose report states that the consequences of this disease are comparable to the effects of fatal influenza, tuberculosis and HIV outbreaks. together.
ECDC analysis shows that since 2007, a number of infections that are resistant to extraordinary bacteria have increased, and many cases of bacteria that are resistant to the most powerful antibiotics in the carbapenem-CRE group.
This is about enterobacterial infections that are dangerous and difficult to treat, resistant to this type of antibiotic among hospitalized patients, the Al Jazeera Balkan report.
The last line of defense
Carbapenems are various beta-lactam antibiotics and are often the last line of defense in multiple resistant bacteria, Hina reported.
It is precisely because of this that CRE is resistant to almost all antibiotics in clinical practice, and hence, it is not surprising the high mortality of patients where these bacteria are present in the blood.
"The data are worrying because this antibiotic is the last line of defense for some resistant bacteria," ECDC said in a statement.
"When this antibiotic stops effectively it is very difficult, and in many cases it is impossible to cure the infection."
Experts estimate that around 70 percent of the bacteria that cause infections are resistant to at least one antibiotic commonly used in their treatment.
ECDC studies, the results of which are published in professional journals Lancet Infectious Diseases, has focused on five types of infections caused by bacteria that are resistant to antibiotics known in the European Union and EEA.
It has been found that in 75% of cases it is a problem called hospital infection.
Distribution of resistant bacterial species
Superbacteria spread rapidly due to excessive antibiotic use in the intensive care department, where patients are the healthiest, and the strongest drugs are routinely prescribed.
"Strategies to prevent and control antibiotic-resistant bacteria require coordinated activity from the European Union and EEA globally," the report said, adding that, given variations in the number of cases and types of antibiotic-resistant bacteria in the European Union – Prevention and control must be adjusted to the situation in certain country.
Availability is easy, prescriptions without adequate indications, and excessive use of antibiotics in agriculture have led to the emergence and spread of resistant bacterial species.
Today, many bacteria in their genomes contain a large number of resistance genes and are resistant to several different classes of antibiotics.
At the same time, certain causes in the not too distant future can become resistant to all available antimicrobial drugs, which is why many experts warn that we are approaching what is called the post-antibiotic era.