"Every administration wants to return to the moon and not the administration does not want to actually put money down that it would take to do it," senior space analyst Marco Caceres says Samantha Masunaga not people walked on the moon in 1972, when Apollo 17 crew I left the lunar surface.
Since returning to the moon was almost perennial refrain among US presidential administrations. On the vice president Mike Pence said last week that Trump administration order to send astronauts to the moon in five years.
This is not universally popular idea. Apollo 11 astronaut Buzz Aldrin set foot on the moon in 1969, wore a shirt emblazoned with his right margin in the direction of Mars for any future space exploration crew. Subject to the limitations of the NASA budget, some people think that the resources would be better used to blow on the side of Mars.
And the choice of the moon landing time can be regarded as a political exercise, as it will take place around the end of Trump administration must be re-elected president, said Marco Caceres, senior space analyst at research firm Teal Group.
But NASA said the so-called lunar gateway in orbit around the moon could help astronauts explore the lunar surface more thoroughly than in the Apollo times. And last year, a group of scientists under the direct supervision of the "definitive" evidence of water ice at the lunar poles, limiting the area of the hope that it can be used as a resource not only for the astronauts to the moon, but those who travel to Mars or other destinations .
"The moon is not out & # 39 is the ultimate goal," said Laura Forczyk, the owner of the space Astralytical consulting firm, describing it as a "step."
The idea of a lunar outpost, that the astronauts could have a home base from which to carry out research on the lunar orbit, as well as a more short missions on the lunar surface.
"We just touched it," said Forczyk. "We have not really done much. This is equivalent to landing at the airport in Los Angeles, and say that you were in Los Angeles. "
From there, NASA can work your way to a sustainable presence – or a fixed base – on the moon, Forczyk said. This database could allow astronauts train for long-term operations on other planets, such as Mars. And further exploration and production resources of the month, such as water ice can be broken down into hydrogen and oxygen, which can be used in farms propellant rocket fuel which is in a different location in the solar system.
Nasa administrator Jim Bridenstin told the & # 39; nd February, the agency space launch rocket system, which is designed to take the crew to the moon and beyond, will be powered by liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen. The development of this missile is behind schedule and over budget, resulting pension indirectly punish its builder, Boeing Co., saying that Trump administration is not seeking "any one contractor" to return to the moon.
Return to the Moon may not necessarily be the only government to strive for. Pence said last week that if there was only one way to commercial rockets to reach the moon in the five-year period "and then it will be a commercial launch."
The potential for commercial partnership means that private companies such as Jeff Bezos Blue Origin and Elon Musk SpaceX could one day play a role.
Musk has long engagement his goal to colonize Mars and make people multiplayer planetary species. To achieve this goal, SpaceX is building a spaceship called Starship and booster called extra heavy. The company is testing a prototype of the Starship & # 39 facility in Texas.
NASA said last week that he would carry out ground tests on five prototypes of deep-space habitats, developed by companies such as Lockheed Martin Corporation, Northrop Grumman Corporation and Boeing. Renderings of habitats mostly looks somewhat like a smaller version of the International Space Station and will remain in orbit around the moon.
Last year, the space agency has selected nine companies that would be eligible to bid on future contracts to take scientific experiments on the lunar surface. Each company is responsible for creating robotic lunar descent.
But now return to the moon will cost money, and analysts say that the current budget of $ 21500000000, NASA will not cut it.
"If we really suras & # 39; ozna about sending astronauts on several missions to the moon, we have raised the NASA budget, at least twice or more. And nobody does it, "Caceres said.
"Every administration wants to return to the moon and not the administration does not want to actually put money down that ta`ke will do it," he said. "Everyone wants to aim high and to recreate the spirit of America can do Ishmael that we are mostly seen during the Apollo era.» -Los Angeles Times / TNS