Singapore: Retail prices have risen in recent years. There is a chance that Malaysia could limit export of eggs. But the managing director of the local farm eggs entirely stopped worrying.
On the one hand, although the egg sample more, for many years the rise in prices did not lag behind the general inflation, said Mr Koh Yeow Koon, 43.
Seng Choon Farm with & # 39; is the largest egg farm republic, meeting about 12 percent of demand in the market here.
But Mr. Koch doubt that it, or some local farm can begin to compete with the Malaysian farms in terms of cost, which means border sales.
"There's only a certain share of the market is willing to pay a higher price for fresh, higher quality eggs that Singapore farm produce," he says.
"I think the number of people wishing to Singapore egg is only about 30 percent."
This figure is a & # 39 is only slightly higher than their current share of 27 per cent of consumption.
Mr. Koch leads Singapore higher land, labor, utilities and the cost of compliance. But what is it that bothers him more with the & # 39 is "increased competition from farms that make one to two million eggs a day abroad."
His farm produces 600,000 eggs daily from its 850,000 chickens. And the number of foreign matter, because "we are increasingly seeing the technology to be serviced for large farms."
"This is for the stability and survival, we need to constantly upgrade our technology," he explains. "So whether we like it or not, we need to be in the race. We have to take all of these large-scale automation."
Technology and automation with & # 39 are factors in the revival of agriculture in Singapore. And it was no different for CHOON Seng, as he moved to the 36 acres of agricultural land (27 football fields) in Lim Chu Kang in 2010.
But just as the automation of Singaporeans are used to power of these eggs a day? Here are some ways large and small, and CNA Insider discovered in an exclusive inside look at Seng Choon Farm.
WATCH: Inside the biggest egg farm Singapore (5:34)
1. HOW chickens fed
Close to 100 tons a specially designed feed prepared each day in the animal feed farm, about a dozen tanks of different sizes required to store raw ingredients, like soy, corn and wheat.
Some materials, such as corn come in large chunks, so they should be the first cut in a hammer mill.
The basis of all feed from the & # 39 is a control room where the computer weighs what is required of each ingredient to get the right proportion to each feeding.
"They are mixed in a blender … in nutrition that hens require," said Mr. Koch.
Feed conveyor sent to all poultry houses – it's a job that used to be done manually and the truck – and given chickens five times a day by automatic dispensers.
"This control room seems to be getting less and less, because, over the years, we continue to put additional equipment to reduce the amount of work that is involved," adds Mr. Koch.
2. FEED define egg TYPE
Different chickens provide various channels for the production of a variety of foods, including carrots and eggs Omega-3 eggs, which are rich in various vitamins and minerals.
"For example, if we feed the chickens with fish oil or omega-3 enriched oils, they would have been able to pass these lipids in egg yolk," said Mr. Koch.
"We can get eggs lower cholesterol, or more of vitamin D, and it's all done through our experience of supplying Var & # 39; iravannya."
These special eggs machine easily sorted, because they are packed in a different time.
There are, however, changes in the availability of nutrients in eggs, because the chicken "is not a machine," and to some extent, this may also depend on the breed.
3. HOW located HENS
The poultry houses are completely closed, each of which has four to six levels and holding of between 30 000 to 50 000 chickens. This is in contrast to the open and naturally ventilated structures of the past, who had two tiers.
"The temperature is better controlled, because he concluded," said Mr. Koch.
"Thus, it may be 33 or 34 degrees from the outside, but we are able to keep the temperature in chicken sheds 29 to 30 ° C using a cooling pad and evaporation controlled fans."
With computers maintain stable temperature range "chickens cooler and have a better well-being". There are even cells with light-emitting diodes and dimmers to simulate natural light, lighting slowly early in the day and dark at dusk.
Manure collected by the conveyor and taken to a central processing zone must be converted into compost.
It is important to note that egg farmer in Singapore are not allowed to use antibiotics in their chicken attached house helps to ensure that there is no "interference by external factors, which can spread the disease of chickens."
Staff and visitors should be disinfected before entering the chicken sheds.
4. The eggs are collected and gradational
Cells are gently inclined, and egg roll on the conveyor as set forth. With homes, belts lead to the collection center of the egg, where they are graded and sorted.
Visually broken or leaking egg takes out separately before the sorting machine does the work implemented for quality control of 120,000 eggs per hour.
The eggs go through a series of cameras that take up to 16 different photos of each egg as it rolls along the tape. "If the eggs are dirty, they are sent to another bar to be processed in a different way," says Mr Koch.
After the "egg inspectors" coming from "crack detection" that can even check for micro-cracks, which escape the human eye. It does this by detecting acoustic – sound measurement of the light valves (16 times), as well as eggs.
"Before, this was done by visual inspection. So what they do is shine a very bright light. But after a while, people were so tired that they do not have cracks, "he adds.
Then, the eggs are passed through the ultraviolet light to disinfect the surface of the body, after which the individual weight measurements and the final step in the process of classification: Detector bloodstains.
"Blood stains naturally occurs in some eggs. This is a very small percentage … 0 probably 0.05 per cent, "says Mr Koch." It's natural, but then, consumers just do not want to see it in their eggs. "
The machine detects these eggs shining a very bright light, and removes them, "but the machine with & # 39 are machines, there may still be two to three percent of the eggs that are missed."
5. What means of automation for Manpower
After packing the eggs are placed in the boxes, which will carry a robotic arm from the conveyor and placed on pallets for delivery.
"It used to be done manually with the help of one or two people who have worked from day to night," said Mr. Koch. "Every day we had to go to the other person."
Faced with labor shortages, which have been linked worse, management knew of automation were mandatory.
"So for the last 10 years, we have done a lot of automation projects relating to each face of the farm," adds Mr. Koch, the youngest child of its chairman K Swee Lai, who founded Seng CHOON in 1987.
"In the office side, we have changed the IT system. Even on the pressure side, we issued them with personal digital assistants … They do not need to remember all the prices that change every week. "
In fact, his father went to a lot of travel in the US and Europe since the establishment of the farm to learn about new agricultural technologies. But it was only after moving Seng CHOON that they can "design around the farm automation."
Egg production in half of its current production. "It is good about all this automation & # 39 is the fact that we have retained the size of the workforce of about 100 people redundant," he says.
"Everyone knows each other, so it's quite a good working environment with a good size."