Lyme borreliosis in Slovenia are diagnosed each year from 3000 to 7000 people of all ages, but mostly those aged 55 to 64 years. According to the National Institute of Public Health last year reported 7,500 cases of Lyme disease, which, according to March Thin Grgic NIJZ with most in the last decade. The disease occurs seasonally, from May to October, when the maximum activity of ticks. Widespread throughout Slovenia, the most common in the Nova Gorica region. Vaccines against the disease, so a & # 39 is an important protection against punctures tick the appropriate clothing and repellents.
Lyme disease usually begins with reddening, which comes from a few days to one month after the extending of the tick bite, it expands slowly average pale and takes the form of a ring. Speech usually disappears after a few weeks, but later may develop impairment of nerves, joints, heart, explained Franc Strle from the University Medical Center Ljubljana. "Because Lyme disease is not death, but it can be very bitter life, "He said.
Most sufferers meningoencefalitisom in Gorenjska and Carinthia
The second most common tick-borne disease with & # 39 is a tick-borne encephalitis. In the last decade, about 170 people are diagnosed per year on average, it had 153 cases last year. Moreover, this disease is seasonally occurs, disease with & # 39 is the highest in Gorenjska and Carinthia.
As explained Strle, the first phase of the disease begins about a week to 14 days after broaching of the disease. In most patients, after improvement occurs medium second stage disease with high fever, severe headache, nausea, and vomiting. The disease is in most cases requires hospitalization and treatment is symptomatic. Leave lasting effects that include headache, dizziness, hearing loss, decreased ability to concentrate and paralysis. It occurs in five to 10 percent of cases, the percentage of patients dying, he said sticks.
Vaccination – the most effective protection
The most effective way to protect against TBE vaccination, which is recommended to everyone who walks in nature. The primary vaccination series consists of three doses, then three, and five years later, and then a booster dose. But, as defined in the NIJZ-ROM immunization coverage in Slovenia is low, it regularly vaccinate only seven to eight percent of the population.
After that the vaccination program will TBE vaccination for children, which will be completed this year, three years, and adults, which will be completed this year, 49 years, is financed by compulsory health insurance funds. Grgic Vitkova He noted that this vaccine can be started, if any t. E. Insurance vaccine in the fall.
Bench disease confirmed by diagnostic microbiology laboratories for several hours, said Tatjana Avšič Županc Institute of Microbiology and Immunology at the Ljubljana Faculty of Medicine. It should be very careful and accurate for patients who have very similar clinical picture distinguish povzročiteljema borne meningoencephalitis and West Nile virus, which otherwise they are very similar.