Lyme borreliosis in Slovenia a year are diagnosed between 3000 and 7000 people of all ages, mostly between 55 and 64 years. According to the National Institute of Public Health (NIJZ) was last reported 7500 cases of Lyme disease, which in the words of Martha's Slim Grgic NIJZ most in the last decade.
The disease occurs seasonally, from May to October, when the maximum activity of ticks. Widespread throughout Slovenia, the most common in the Nova Gorica region. Vaccines against the disease, so a & # 39 is an important protection against punctures tick the appropriate clothing and repellents.
Lyme disease usually begins with reddening, which comes from a few days to one month after the extending of the tick bite, it expands slowly average pale and takes the form of a ring. They usually disappear within a few weeks, but later may develop deterioration of nerves, joints, heart, explained Francis sticking out of the University Medical Center (UMC) Ljubljana. "Because Lyme boreioloze can not die, can be a very good combination," he said.
The second most common tick-borne disease with & # 39 is a tick-borne encephalitis. In the last decade, about 170 people are diagnosed per year on average, it had 153 cases last year. Moreover, this disease is seasonally occurs, disease with & # 39 is the highest in Gorenjska and Carinthia.
The first phase of the disease after a week or two
As explained Strle, the first phase of the disease begins about a week to 14 days after broaching of the disease. In most patients, after improvement occurs medium second stage disease with high fever, severe headache, nausea, and vomiting. The disease is in most cases requires hospitalization and treatment is symptomatic. Leave lasting effects that include headache, dizziness, hearing loss, decreased ability to concentrate and paralysis. They come in five to 10 percent of cases, the percentage of patients dying, he said sticks.
The most effective way to protect against TBE vaccination, which is recommended to everyone who walks in nature. The primary vaccination series consists of three doses, then three, then five years after the booster dose. But, as defined in the NIJZ in Slovenia with the & # 39 is a low immunization coverage, he regularly vaccinate only seven to eight percent of the population.
Vaccination is funded by compulsory health insurance
After that the vaccination program will TBE vaccination for children, which will be completed this year, three years, and adults, which will be completed this year, 49 years, is financed by compulsory health insurance funds. Grgic Vitkova He noted that this vaccine can be started, if any t. E. Insurance vaccine in the fall.
«Scoff we take a pair of tweezers as close to the skin and slowly pulled out," in the event of a puncture advises sticking out. If you take too abruptly, you can rilček remains in the skin. It is recommended that the tick is removed as soon as possible.
Ticks also transmit human granulocyte anaplazmozo with & # 39 is a febrile illness with muscle aches, headache, and malaise. It is treated with antibiotics, after said rules Strletovih heat falls within 24 hours.
Bench disease confirmed by diagnostic microbiology laboratories for several hours, said Tatjana Avšič Županc Institute of Microbiology and Immunology at the Ljubljana Faculty of Medicine. It should be very careful and accurate for patients who have very similar clinical picture distinguish povzročiteljema borne meningoencephalitis and West Nile virus, which they are genetically very similar.