It is a common experience for family members & # 39; and or a group of friends: the mood of one person can reduce the energy of the entire group … or higher. But why are we so easily influenced?
In 1962, the reality show open chamber He offered a great view on the psychological from the & # 39 ads, which helps to explain how emotions spread. They did this with the help of well-known at the moment of comedy stunt "Face the rear."
So it looks like this: we see an unexpected person goes to the elevator, which was secretly rigged cameras. It is followed by two more people. But surprisingly, they turn to face the back wall of the elevator. The man looks confused, but keeps going to the front, in spite of the two strange women. But if a third person comes and faces the rear wall, the poor guy can not take it and turn to the back wall.
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This story is taken from the episode "Entanglement" Invizibiliya, NPR's show about the hidden forces that affect human behavior. Listen to the entire episode here.
Now the dance is on. Now three new beginners go ahead, and the purpose of prank would be & # 39; etsya around to join them. open chamber watching this with a & # 39; true again and again. Unexpected victim entered the elevator and eventually takes over all that was done by people around him.
Now the initial gradual turn a man on the back wall to the other – this is what psychologists call compliance, if you slowly and deliberately decide to go on a group.
But sometimes the victim in self-will begin to follow what people are doing so automatically that goes by another name: infection. In the end, the man in open chamber Video started in complete synchronization with the people around him, so it was almost choreographed.
"When we look at other people, for some reason, we are connected to the synchronization with them on so many things that it's some sort of an impression … and they expect that it is so fast that you could not do it consciously -. Have to go through system in the brain, "- says Ellen Hatfield, a psychological researcher from the University of Hawaii. She and her husband, Dick Repsan, spent most of his car & # 39; EASURES looking at this from the & # 39 ad.
Some of the ways to sync with others more obvious – we mimic human poses and speech. But others are calm. Like, as if you were talking to a friend, over time you can begin to blink together. Or, if you're watching someone stuttering, small muscles in the mouth can begin. And if you sit at conference table at a meeting? People often begin to mimic the ups breathing, and every breathing as one.
"He is so attached, and in primitive parts of the brain that animals do so even small birds mimic each other It just happens It just flows down the breath…", – says Hatfield.
But it is not only the physical movement of each other, but also emotions. And it is a real specialty of Hatfield and Rapson – emotional infection.
They first learned about the idea of emotional infection while working as a therapist. They had a client who came in and was very busy, talking very quickly and vigorously. But they both began to yawn, despite the fact that none of them did not feel tired. So why do they zeyuts?
"We think what's happening is that we picked up, beneath a cascade of words, depression", – says Rapsan. They had their idea – that depression somehow telegrafuetstsa them. Thus, they examined him and found that refugees face human emotions such measurable and consistent manner, which is called mikraekspresiyay.
Mikraekspresii fleeting, involuntary expression of feelings that last fraction of a second.
After several years of research and after Rapson Hatfield added that our automatic mimicry of mikraekspresy can really cause a corresponding emotion within us. Because, although the extent of the effect is discussed, many studies have shown that one of the ways to create emotions – from the outside.
"We get real pale, little thinking about what others think and feel," – said Hatfield, and these reflections can have a real and measurable impact on their own thoughts and feelings.
Thus, despite the fact that we all go around the world, thinking of themselves as persons Repsan Hatfield and believe that this is an illusion. "We're going as a company, which we support," – she said.
Regardless of whether we know it or not, we are closely connected with each other, and we squeezed the feelings and thoughts of the people around us, almost like a virus.
Thus, the next time you are in a group, and someone's bad vibes pull you? The best remedy could be just to leave … and go find someone who zabruzits you in a better mood.