According to the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), about 22 million people have been impoverished.
Forbes magazine on Tuesday published a list of world billionaires for 2021, which includes 2,755 people. In this annual ranking, a dozen Latinos continued to increase their wealth, while inequality and poverty in the region grew painlessly in the face of the coronavirus pandemic.
1.- Carlos Slim: This Mexican businessman, who owns Grupo Carso and América Móvil, the largest telecommunications company in Latin America, is ranked 16th on the list with $ 62.8 billion, much more than the $ 52.1 billion he had in 2020.
2.- Herman Larea Moto Velasco: CEO of Grupo México, the largest mining company in his country and the fifth largest copper producer in the world. He is ranked 61st on the list with $ 25.9 million when he registered $ 11 million a year ago.
3.- Iris Fontbon: This Chilean is ranked 74th on the list and has $ 23.3 billion, more than double the state recorded in 2020, which was $ 10.8 billion. This businesswoman runs together with her children the company Antofagasta Plc, which owns copper mines in Chile.
4.- Ricardo Salinas PliegaAnother Mexican, who runs Azteca TV and the Elektra chain of stores, ranks 166th on the list, and his fortune increased from $ 11.7 billion in 2020 to $ 12.9 billion in 2021.
5. – Marcel Herman Teles: This Brazilian, who has a stake in Anheuser-Busch InBev, the world’s largest brewer, ranks 191st in the ranking. His fortune is $ 11,500 million, when a year ago it was estimated at $ 6,500 million.
6. – Jorge Mol Phil: also Brazilian, founder of the private hospital network Rede D’Or with 11.3 million dollars – well above 7.3 million dollars in 2020 – ranks 194th on the list.
7.- Luis Carlos Sarmenta: From Colombia, he increased his fortune by $ 2 billion and amassed $ 11 billion, ranking 200 on the Forbes list. He is the chairman of the board of directors of Grupo Aval Actions y Valores and the owner of El Tiempo.
8.- Alberta Bayer Gonzalez: It ranks 255th on the list and has $ 9,200 million, an increase significantly last year since it registered $ 6,400 million in 2020. He is president of the Group Ball, a conglomerate that includes businesses in trade, mining, metallurgy, insurance and finance. He is also the director of Industrias Peñoles, the second largest mining company in Mexico.
9. – SafraThe widow and children of the late banker Joseph Safra inherited a fortune of about $ 7.1 billion, so they just appear on the Forbes list at 355 on the list.
10.- Juan Francisco Beckmann Vidal: Another Mexican, president of the tequila-producing group Jose Cuerva. It has $ 7 billion – well above $ 4.3 billion in 2020 – and ranks 369th on the list.
Increasing poverty in the region
These millionaires have greatly increased their destiny in the critical year of the coronavirus pandemic – a health situation that is not over yet and is a serious blow to the world economy.
For example, Mexican millionaires, according to Forbes, have increased their fortune by more than 20% on average.
In contrast, according to the report “Social Panorama of Latin America 2020”, submitted last March by the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), it is assumed that in the region the extreme poverty rate was 12.5% and the poverty rate reached 33.7% of the population.
In particular, the report notes, the total number of poor people at the end of 2020 was 209 million, which is 22 million more than the previous year.
Of this total, 78 million people found themselves in extreme poverty, 8 million more than in 2019.
Top on the Forbes list
The Forbes list is headed by Amazon founder Jeff Bezos, whose net worth is $ 177 billion; in second place – the creator of Tesla and SpaceX Elon Musk with $ 151,000 million.
They are followed by Bernard Arnault, owner of several luxury clothing and cosmetics brands; Bill Gates, co-founder of Microsoft; and Mark Zuckerberg, founder and CEO of Facebook, with an estimated fortune of $ 150,000, $ 124,000 and $ 97,000 million, respectively.
According to Forbes, it was a record year for the richest people in the world, with an increase in wealth by 5 trillion.