Gastrointestinal tract in both men and women begins in the mouth and ends at the anus. The last sections of the intestine with the & # 39 are the colon and rectum (also known as the large intestine).
But after 50 years of a person, in lesions of the colon and rectum called premalignant (precancerous) is a & # 39 will be called adenomatous polypsWhatever warts, which rise from the intestinal lumen. These benign lesions are not detected and removed in time, lead to colorectal cancer (CRC).
in World Day against colon cancer, Infobae advice of professionals point out that colorectal cancer (CRC), with about 13,500 new cases per year, with the & # 39 is the second most common in Argentina (After the breast) and it is estimated that about 20 people a day (Almost 7500 year) die of this tumor, and this figure is second only to lung cancer.
This occurs despite the fact 90% of CRC can be treated minimally invasive procedures. frequency of treatment reaches 90%, and often without the need for treatment of cancer, such as chemotherapy and radiation therapy, as well as possible, for example, less-invasive surgery, such as laparoscopic surgery.
Nevertheless, only 27% of people aged between 50 and 75 years of age who meet the diagnostic studies conducted, so the majority of cancers are detected at an advanced stage, which greatly complicates the treatment.
Attached to the control after 50 years, experts say that the need to improve the daily diet. A diet rich in highly cooked sausages and red meat and low in vegetables is associated with a higher risk for CRC.balanced nutrition is indicated not only to prevent the CCR, but also other chronic diseases such as coronary, including foods rich in calcium such as dairy products. In addition, it is proposed to suppress the snuff, reducing alcohol consumption, physical inactivity, and prevent obesity.
Colonoscopy: a safe and effective practice
"Prevention of colorectal cancer are mainly two diagnostic methods. first faecal occult blood, who can make the patient at home using a device provided by the doctor. The second study, higher accuracy and efficiency with & # 39 is colonoscopy, the first choice for patients considered "at risk" if there is a family history of the disease or suffering from inflammatory bowel disease, "Dr. Lisandro Pereyra described (MN: 107475), a member of the Scientific ENDIBA (endoscopist Digestives Buenos Aires) association.
For his part, Dr. Leandro Steinberg (MN: 132 352), as well as ENDIBA, explained that "fecal occult blood in the stool to discover the river before, while colonoscopy may also provide evidence of polyps, with & # 39 are precursors damage which give rise to colon cancer. "
While colonoscopy This is done by using modern equipment and highly qualified specialistsThere is a widespread and unfounded fear, discomfort and even embarrassment that is drawn in the majority of patients have made this practice.
Experts stress that the Colonoscopy with & # 39 is a completely safe test, if there is no evidence of an anomaly, it is not out & # 39 is required to perform its up to ten years. At the same time, to be positive, the risk will be assessed to determine the frequency of future research. "In 80% of cases, with that & # 39 benign polyps are recoverable in the same manner. In accordance with its features, will decide when to repeat the procedure, "says Pereira.
"This abnormal cell growth takes 10 to 15 years to develop, giving us the ability to anticipate," Steinberg explains and describes that "colon cancer has a sequence that originates, called adenoma carcinoma. In this process, a polyp develops in the lining of the colon until it leads to cancer, which begins to grow to break into the intestinal wall and spreads. " Nevertheless, a huge window of time, it seems, will not be enough to prevent a large number of deaths, which causes cervical cancer.
Juan Carlos Patrón Uriburu – MN (87532) – a surgeon and member of the Argentine Association of Surgeons and coloproctology British hospital service in Buenos Aires, he said that "Colonoscopy is currently with the & # 39 is a tool that provides diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the colon, as well as the colon and rectum. it consists in the reflection colon inner shell (mucosa). for this purpose, an endoscope inserted through the anus, are the entire colon is used to reach the area called blind. Even in some situations, may enter the last few centimeters of the small intestine. "
He added: "It is performed under general anesthesia and monitoring security Nomas and cardiology and allows the diagnosis and resection of polyps. It should be borne in mind that the most effective way to prevent colon cancer from the & # 39 is this is the procedure that allows you to detect and remove polyps. What does it mean? All types of colon cancer occur in polyp. Polyp is an abnormal growth of the intestinal mucosa. "
If it is appropriate to make
"He recommends that every patient with a symptom of colorectal origin or asymptomatic patient, 50 years or older colonoscopy to detect polyps and remove them or make the diagnosis of tumors in the early stages," he said Uriburu.
Although in some cases, the recommendation is to start with the control decreased from 50 to 45 years. This is because the growth of this disease in the world, and with the & # 39; appearance at an earlier age.
"There is, however, a group of patients who are referred to as high-risk and they & # 39 are those who have a family history of cancer or polyps. Among this hereditary polyposis syndromes sun cancer, familial polyposis, with its options and inflammatory diseases are located. These patients require special monitoring and earlier initiation of research, so it is necessary to begin consultations with a specialist, «Uriburu full template.
The Ministry of Health of Buenos Aires, they stressed that the hospital gastroenterology Dr. Carlos Bonorino inflammatory diseases Udaondo group led by Dr. Alicia Sambuelli registered 4061 patients with colon cancer. As for the surgical treatment of colorectal cancer about 60 cases a year working as cancer of the colon and rectum. Getting around four new cases per month.
"Cancer of the colon with a & # 39 is the second leading cause of death from cancer in the country, for gynecological. It has the same speed as traffic accidents, but if diagnosed at an early stage, the chances of a cure is why 90% You must understand and inform the public about the importance of research"Said Dr. Fabio Nachman, Chief of Gastroenterology, University Hospital Favaloro Foundation.
-The ENDIBA Science Association (endoscopist Buenos Aires Digestives) has launched a campaign # HaceteUnaColonoscopía. Julian Weich, Mario Pergolini, Maria Julia Olival, Luis Rubio and Marcelo Bonelli put their image and voice in the service of this important campaign, designed to create a larger arrival and mass dissemination through social networks and media across the country.
-The Hospital Favaloro Foundation University launches campaign # DiaMundialDelCáncerDeColon with the action called #YoAmoLaVida, designed to raise awareness of the importance of diagnostic studies.
-FUCA raises awareness about colorectal cancer with #MARZOAZUL by informing the public about prevention and early detection of this disease.