The death of children and adolescents decreased by 51.7% between 1990 and 2017, from 13.77 to 6.64 million, according to a study conducted by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation Seattle (USA), he has published in the Journal of the American Medical Association of Pediatricians.
While improving child mortality under the age of 5 were positive, the full story about the health of children and adolescents are more heterogeneous. Thus, this new study, using data from the Global Burden of Disease 2017, analyzed data from 195 countries and regions to assess morbidity and mortality in this population.
According to them, in children and adolescents at the moment, is likely to be 20 years. The most rapid decline in mortality occurred among children aged 1 to 4 years, mainly due to the global reduction in mortality from diarrhea, respiratory infections and other common infectious diseases.
However, non-fatal health loss is measured by disability-adjusted years of life has increased, and some of the main reasons in 2017 included iron deficiency anemia, vitamin A, neonatal disorders, congenital disorders and mental disorders.
"Reduction of mortality in this period 27 years, means that children are more likely than ever to achieve 20 years. This reduction in the number of deaths has the potential to increase the already overburdened health care system affect the potential of the company's human capital and to influence the path of socio-economic development. Continuous monitoring of the loss of health of children and adolescents is essential to sustain progress over the last 27 years, "the researchers say.