Main name the main street including Primark, Missguided and boohoo came under fire ignites quickly disposable fashion culture, which has been linked to the exploitation of low-paid workers in the UK factories.
The British are buying more new things than in any other country in Europe, and deputies are looking at the environment and human cost £ 2 and £ 200 shirts amid growing fears of a multibillion-pound fashion industry has to spend valuable resources and contribute to climate change.
Low prices in Primark stores, where T-shirt can cost as little as £ 2, were challenged by MPs on the environmental audit of the special committee of the House of Commons, which proposed a buyer to consider your clothes as disposable.
"Is not that the real problem with the fast fashion industry, if you sell things in the £ 5 a person is not going to treat it with some respect and at the end of his life, he's going to go in the bin?" He asked Labor MP Mary Creagh, the chairman Committee.
Paul Lister, head of Primark on ethical trade and sustainability, denied that it was: "We are proud of the quality and durability of our clothing. They do not buy, to throw away. "
Lister said the retailer kept its prices low by avoiding traditional advertising that saved him around £ 150 million compared to the competition and "that goes straight to the price." He said he did not know any of up to 16 years of working in any of its plants provide.
"Plant for storage, we keep our costs to an absolute minimum and the store we keep the field is very tight," he said. "Our business model takes us to a £ 2 T-shirt."
While Primark was forced to defend its low prices, Burberry has been carefully over his now-defunct policy of burning heaps of unsold expensive clothes.
Lian Wood, the main man brand and corporate affairs officer, told MPs that it is an industry-wide practice: "We are the only luxury business, which reported it in their accounts … but it's what happens in this area."
Asos online shopping, and Missguided boohoo were interviewed about health checks carried out on a large number of factories they worked Leicester.
Investigation of the Channel 4 Dispatches claimed last year the British plants, which provide retailers, such as River Island, New Look, and Missguided boohoo paid workers between £ 3 and £ 3,50 per hour. Investigation of Financial Times (£) also found examples of operation in Leicester plants.
Creagh issue, as it was physically possible to sell the Manchester-based boohoo Britain made dresses for £ -at the hourly minimum wage is £ 7.83.
joint CEO Carol Kane said the company does not make any profit on the £ 5 dresses that were "loss leader" designed to attract customers to your site. The short dresses are usually made of polyester and spandex, showed no zippers or buttons, so it was easy to run up machinists, she said.
"We do not make a profit on the dress at £ 5," Kane said, adding that the cost of clothing was still less than £ 2,50 to £ 3. "It's a loss leader. It is a marketing tool used to attract visitors to the site. "
Asos and Missguided told the hearing they pulled out of a number of production plants in Leicester, which did not meet their standards.
Select Committee investigating the effect of clothing, ranging from environmental costs in terms of workers, especially when garments are produced quickly and cheaply in response to the fast fashion trend.
With 300,000 tons of clothing sent to landfill each year in the UK, Primark said it would launch services for the collection of clothes in all of its stores in the next year in the same spirit on the scheme Marks & Spencer «shwopping».
But Mike Barry, M & S Head of Sustainable Business, said the collection of unwanted clothing was not the biggest problem for the industry – it has collected 30 million garments for the last ten years – but that, to them, taking into account the absence of the domestic industry to handle the material . "It is possible to prevent the clothes into the garbage, but it is much harder to do something with the fiber you get over it."
The ecological value of British fashion
Britons spend 52.7bn £ per year for fashion, in accordance with government-backed Waste and Resources Action Program (Wrap). The lion's share (£ 47.4bn) goes to the clothes, and £ 4,5 billion is spent on accessories.
Amount of clothing purchased each year continues to grow – 1.13m tonnes in 2016, compared with 950 000 tonnes in 2012, according to a report in 2017 Wrap.
The total carbon footprint of clothing worn in the UK was 26.2m tonnes of CO2 equivalent in 2016 to 9% in 2012 to & # 39; the amount of carbon emissions per ton fell by 8%, but was outweighed by the increase in consumption.
About 1 million tons of clothes cleaned cabinets each year. Of these, 700,000 tons are collected for reuse and recycling with the remainder sent to landfill or incineration, is estimated to cost £ 82 million.
In the UK, two-thirds of clothing made from synthetic plastic materials, with a & # 39 is one of the leading authors to Microplastic pollution. For 2,900 tons microplastics from washing synthetic clothing such as fleeces can pass through sewage treatment in UK rivers and estuaries, according to a recent report, Friends of the Earth.