aboutn Tuesday, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported that 2019 was the worst year for measles, because the disease was declared eliminated in the United States in 2000. But the risk is actually reduced measles remains low enough for the average person, especially if they have received the recommended vaccine in childhood, The weekly report published on Monday said on morbidity and mortality.
The report said that the total number of measles as of April 26 has reached 704 people across the country. This number, which includes 13 separate outbreaks in 22 states out of 66 patients in need of hospitalization, with & # 39 is the tallest one year, the number of cases since 1994, when there were 963 cases of measles in the United States. It is an unprecedented increase over the 116 cases reported in 2001, a year after the CDC announced victory over measles.
But on Monday, the report contains a nugget of information that should be a source of comfort to those who are not confident with the & # 39 whether they are protected: 88 percent of all cases in 2019 came from «underimmunized cohesive communities" – is often a place where religious rules for exemption from its payment used by parents to justify entirely to vaccinate their children. Most children in the United States receive a vaccine against measles, mumps and rubella (MMR), when they are young, they are almost completely immunized against all three diseases.
CDC notes that six of the 13 outbreaks occurred under Vaccinate community.
Why the disease spreads in some communities
The absence of vaccination, be it for religious or philosophical reasons, with the & # 39 are the main cause of the spread of measles in the small communities. This year the Orthodox community in Rockland, New York, is 202 704 cases, accounting for nearly 29 percent of all cases of measles in the United States this year. Rockland County Health authorities reported that 80.7 percent of patients in their community have not received MMR and 11.4 were unknown vaccination status.
In January, one of the first outbreaks of measles in the United States occurred in a small community near Portland, Oregon. This area was determined in 2018, in a "hot spot" for the spread of the disease due to its high concentration of supporters against vaccination.
Constant flash repeat what happened in 2014, when the Amish community in Ohio is 99 percent of the 383 cases of measles in the state this year. In these outbreaks, 89 percent of those affected had been vaccinated.
After the International Trend
While unvaccinated community appears to be responsible for the spread of the virus in the United States, they are also demonstrative of the international trend. Measles virus has not been eradicated worldwide, and it is fully capable to float to the surface in those areas where there is a lack of immunity.
The World Health Organization announced in mid-April that the number of world cases of measles in the first months of 2019 were 300 percent more than the amount held in the same period in 2018. Many outbreaks of measles in the United States in 2019 was traced to international travelers, who spread the virus while visiting the country.
CDC warns that anyone who is not immune to measles – either because they have not been vaccinated or not because they have contracted the disease in the past – at risk when they come into contact with someone who has the disease. It is a misconception that the deliberate exposure of people with measles & # 39 is a great way to give immunity: Complications of measles can include pneumonia, encephalitis, and even death.
How to protect yourself against measles
Those who received the standard vaccine MMR two shots are protected from the disease, even if they come into contact with communities experiencing the flash. This vaccine, a standard since 1989, is 97 percent effective.
Some doctors have raised concerns that some people vaccinated between certain years, you may need booster shot. People who received a single-dose measles vaccine between 1960 and 1989, 93 per cent are likely to be protected.
Only vaccinated people who may worry those who received the vaccine killed between 1963 and 1967. CDC recommends that these people "have to be re-vaccination" with a new MMR vaccine.
If you've got the current MMR vaccine, outbreaks occurring in the United States and around the world, most likely, will not endanger their health personally. But for people in the communities where vaccination with & # 39 is rare, the danger is very real.