Thursday , April 2 2020
Home / zimbabwe / Urinalysis can help prevent cervical cancer: study

Urinalysis can help prevent cervical cancer: study


Testing urine can be as effective as a smear on cervical cancer prevention and can greatly increase the level of participation in screening, the study found.

A study published in the journal BMJ Open, found that urine was just as good as the cervical smear on picking up high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV), the virus that causes cervical cancer.

Researchers from the University of Manchester in the UK said, urinalysis can help increase the number of women screened for cervical cancer.

Testing urine can play a role in developing countries, where cervical cancer is up to 15 times more likely to smear testing and largely non-existent.

Around one in 20 women show pathological changes, which could go on to become cancer and referred to colposcopy, where the cervix is ​​examined under magnification, allowing the abnormal area to see, sampled and treated before they cause cancer, say researchers.

According to the team, cervical swab samples, discreet vaginal samples and urine samples all effective at picking up HPV infection of high risk.

Cancer of the cervix with a & # 39 is the most common among women aged 30 to 35 years. However, the pre-cancerous stage is detected in the 5-10 years before, when a third of women do not attend their smear test.

"We are really excited by this study, which we believe has the potential to significantly increase participation levels for cervical cancer screening in the key demographic group," says Emma Crosbie, conducted the study.

"Many young women avoid the National Health Service (NHS), cervical cancer screening programs, because they believe it is inconvenient or uncomfortable, especially if they have gynecological diseases such as endometriosis," said Crosbie in a statement.

Of the 100 or so types of HPV, some of which are associated with cervical cancer, and some of them are associated with other conditions, such as genital warts.

Most cases of cervical cancer are caused by high-risk types of HPV-16 and HPV-eighteenth

As many as 104 participating women attending colposcopy clinic at St. Mary's Hospital in the UK in the study and were examined with the use of two brands of HPV testing kits.

About two-thirds of the women tested positive for any HPV type of high risk, and the third for the HPV-16 or HPV-eighteenth

Of the total, eighteen women had precancerous changes in the cervix that need treatment.

With test kit Roche HPV, urine, vaginal and cervical samples independently swabs 15 are picked up.

With HPV Abbott test kit, urine is raised 15 of these samples and vaginal and cervical smears independently picked 16.

"These results provide an exciting proof of principle that HPV urine test can pick up cervical cancer cells, but we have it on the court more women before it can be used in the NHS. We hope that this will happen soon, "said Crosbie.

Source link